Hamsions belong to the subfamily of rodents of the hamster family. Hamsters living in wildlife are pests, since in the vicinity of their holes they eat some kind of crops. Domestic hamsters live in captivity and are considered decorative pets. The content of such a little animal does not require significant cash costs, so in any pet shop there is a wide selection of hamsters.
Life expectancy depending on the type of hamster
The hamster family includes 19 species (there are only 12 of them in Russia). On average, hamsters live 2-3 years, but depending on the species, this indicator may decrease or increase.
|Name of type||Description||Life expectancy|
|Syrian||Fur color: golden, white, black, brown, silver. |
Length: up to 12 cm.
Weight: up to 125
Feed seeds, nuts, can also eat insects (ants, flies).
The period of pregnancy females is about 16 days. The number of cubs in the litter is an average of 8-10, in exceptional cases can reach 20.
Peacefulness and sociable.
|How many years do Syrian hamsters live? There is a whole article associated with this. But in general, Syrian houses live from 2 to 4 years. In the wild conditions up to 3 years, but rather less due to the fact that hamsters are easy prey for winged predators|
|Brandt.||Wool color: Earth-brown in the top of the body; ash-gray at the bottom of the body; On the chest between the front legs in all animals of this type there is a black spot. With the arrival of winter, the color of the fur fusks, in summer, paints become brighter. |
Length: up to 19 cm.
Weight: up to 300 g
Active at night.
Hamster Brandt for its nature is loner, rarely gets around with other hamsters.
|Hamster Newton||Fur color: grayish brown; There is a black bar from the head of the head to the middle of the back. |
Length: up to 16 cm.
Weight: up to 150 g
Wake up late in the evening and at night.
|Up to 3 years|
|Radda||Fur: thick, harsh in the back of the back. |
Wool color: the upper part is dark brown; Lower - black or gray. On the cheeks are light yellow or gray spots.
Length: up to 29 cm.
Able to bring offspring to 3 times a year.
Walk at night.
|Up to 3 years|
|Dzungarsky||Fur color: gray with white splashes, brownish gray, white with gray splashes, reddish-beige; On the back there is a dark gray band. |
Length: up to 11 cm.
Weight: up to 66
In winter, this species occurs molting.
Pregnancy females take place within 26 days. In the litter there may be 7-9 young.
|Up to 12 months. in favorable wild conditions; |
Up to 24 months At home.
|Hamster Campbell.||Wool color: Wild individuals have ash color of wool; Domestic individuals can have any color (from white to black); From the neck to the base of the tail passes the dark band. |
Length: up to 11 cm.
Weight: up to 30
The color of the wool in winter does not change.
The time of wakefulness falls on the evening and night time.
During the year can multiply up to 4 times.
|2-3 years at home.|
|Hamster Roborovsky||It is considered the smallest representative of this subfamily. |
Fur color: sandy-golden; Belly white; over the eyes of white spots.
Length: up to 6 cm.
Weight: up to 31
Activity - at night.
The female can bring offspring to 4 times per season (from May to September). In 1 litter there may be 4-9 young.
It is good to get along with a group, so it is better to contain hamsters for 2-4 individuals in aquarium or terrarium.
|Hamster ordinary||It is considered the largest representative of this subfamily. |
Wool color: black and brown or completely black; 2 light spots on the sides.
Length: up to 35 cm.
Weight: up to 650
Wake-up period - at night and evening day.
|Up to 3.5 years in nature and home environment.|
|Chinese||Fur color: brown, ash gray, white, brown-black. |
Length: up to 12 cm.
Weight: up to 45
Well gets around both alone and in pairs or groups.
|At home about 3 years.|
|Shorty||Color: Brown-gray, does not have stains and strips. |
Length: up to 11 cm.
Weight: up to 50 g.
Lifestyle can be both day and night.
|Up to 3 years|
|Barabinsky||Fur color: brown; Along the ridge there is a dark or black narrow band. |
Length: up to 14 cm.
Weight: up to 45
Lifestyle: Night, the greatest activity in the first half of the night.
Reproduce offspring can up to 5 times a year. The number of individuals in litter - up to 11.
This type of hamster family is poorly leaving in captivity, sometimes an animal can bite the owner.
|In nature - 2 years; |
At home - 3 years.
|Tibetan||Color: dark gray, with black splashes. |
Length: up to 10 cm.
Weight: up to 38 g
Lifestyle can lead both night and daylight.
In one litter there are up to 6 young.
|Up to 3 years at home.|
|Long-dead||Fur Color: Dark gray with a red shade; Belly light. |
Length: up to 14 cm.
Weight: up to 48
Walk at night.
We breed from March to April, in one litter there can be up to 7 young.
|Up to 3 years|
|Grey||Wool color: ash-gray on top; Belly and tail have white color. |
Length: up to 14 cm.
Active in the second half of the evening.
The female offspring can bring 2-4 times a year to 5-7 young.
|2-3.5 years at home.|
|Hamster Sokolova.||Fur color: ash-gray; A dark narrow strip passes along the ridge. |
Length: up to 12.5 cm.
Weight: up to 40 g
|No accurate information.|
|Mongolian||Wool color: light, almost white, without spots. |
Length: up to 16 cm.
Active mostly in the evening and night.
In winter, fall into the hibernation.
|Up to 3.5 years at home.|
|Hamster Eversman||Fur color: brown-black, reddish brown, gray; belly white; There is a brown spot on the chest. |
Length: up to 17 cm.
Weight: up to 43
Wake up at night.
In the year, the female can bring offspring 2-4 times, in the litter there are up to 6 young.
|Up to 3 years|
|Kansky||Wool color: light gray; The abdomen and chest are white. |
Length: up to 18 cm.
Active at night.
|Rat||Fur color: grayish brown; abdomen ash The tail is dark brown. |
Length: up to 26 cm.
Weight: up to 245
Can lead both night and daily lifestyle.
|No accurate information.|
What to pay attention to when buying
Before purchasing a pet, you need to make sure that all family members are not allergic to wool or components in the composition of fillers for the litter.
Since rodents have a short lifetime, it is advisable to purchase it is advisable. The hamster's age should be at least 4 and not more than 6 weeks. The most optimal option is 4.5-5 weeks. At this age, rodents become independent. And if you acquire a female, then the likelihood of getting a pregnant individual is reduced (in pet stores all rodents are in the same cell), since hamsters are reached after 5 weeks.
When buying should pay attention to the behavior of the animal. A pet should not stick away from other individuals, but too noisy and active hamster will deliver the inconvenience of the owners at night.
Attention should be paid to those hamsters that are awake at the time of visiting the shop by the shop. If some rodents are sleeping, they should not be wakeful, since these actions negatively affect the nervous system of animals. For 5-10 minutes, you need to observe the behavior of waking animals. It is followed by a hamster that freely coexists in the group and does not exhibit aggression towards other individuals.
Tail and eyes
It should be carefully examined by the animal's eyes for purulent discharge. A healthy pet eye should be clear and wide open.
The hamster's tail should be dry, without abrasion and scratches on the surface.
Where to acquire Homyaka
The pet store creates the most favorable conditions for the maintenance of rodents, so these institutions are best suited for the purchase of pets. In addition, pet stores provide a wide selection of hamsters, and the sales assistant will help choose an animal and tell about the rules of content and care.
Which reduces life expectancy
Bathing for rodents is contraindicated, as the animal independently removes dead particles and large contaminants. Bathing a hamster in water only if the dirt from fur is not cleaned even with a special brush.
Too frequent bathing can provoke the strongest stress in the animal. This will lead to a reduction in life expectancy.
Stress is dangerous for hamsters in that constant physical and mental tension can lead to the exhaustion of the body. Under the influence of stress, the hamster will become sluggish and larger, its appetite will worsen. Stressful situations for hamsters are:
- Neighborhood hamster-loner with hamsters of another kind;
- Single hamster existence, which is well rolled only in the group;
- Frequent stay on the hands of the owner;
- Too rare stay on the hands of the owner;
- Loud noise and too bright light in the room.
Infectious diseases in hamsters may occur after contact with infected animals and its livelihoods or food (water). Symptoms of infectious diseases are similar to each other, so the final diagnosis can be delivered only to the veterinarian. It is necessary to contact the clinic if the hamster has the following symptoms:
- A gentle and calm beast begins to show aggression, rushing around the cage.
- Animal begins to tremble.
- Often lies with eyes closed even during wakefulness.
- Dry or liquid chair.
- Breathing becomes frequent, stripped or difficult.
- The fur becomes wet and falls more than usual.
- Discharge from the nose or eye.
|Tuberculosis||· Lost; |
· lack of appetite;
· Cough, shortness of breath;
· Increased body temperature;
· Liquid stool;
· Wool loss.
|Tularemia||The disease proceeds asymptomatic, sometimes the animal can become more aggressive.|
|Liseriosis||The main signs are the loss of equilibrium and disorientation in space. When the animal quickly moves along the surface, it can suddenly lose the balance and losing consciousness for a few seconds.|
|Infectious pneumonia||· Loss of appetite; |
· Increased body temperature;
· Plumbes or blue shade of mucous membranes;
· Student breathing;
· Selection from the nose;
· Attacks of acute cough.
|Paralysis||· Small shiver; |
· Failure to eat;
· The inability to hold on the paws for a long time;
· urinary incontinence.
|Salmonelles||· Mobility; |
· loss of appetite;
· Increase in the abdominal cavity;
· Liquid stool;
· Sharp fluid temperature difference.
|Plague||· Apathetic condition; |
· loss of appetite;
· Wool end;
· Blue shade of mucous membranes.
What increases life expectancy
It should be in advance to determine the place where the cell (aquarium, terrarium) of hamster will be (aquarium). Such a place should be away from drafts and direct sunlight. The best solution is on the table or bedside table away from the window.
Hamster is not an omnivorous animal, most types of food is contraindicated to him. To increase the lifespan of the pet, it is necessary to feed it only by the following products:
- dried berries and fruits;
- whole wheat bread;
- Dandelion leaves, plantain;
- carrots and beets;
- germinated grain;
- Vegetables (carrots, zucchini, cucumber, pumpkin);
- from insects - crickets;
- Vitamins and minerals in tablets or drops.
In small quantities, the following products can be added to the tear of the hamster:
- cottage cheese;
- cooked meat;
- Small insects.
The following products are categorically contraindicated to the use of hamsters:
- fatty products;
- flour products;
- Exotic fruits (citrus, pineapples);
- Sweet products;
A bowl for feed can not be left empty, otherwise the animal will begin to make reserves.
The minimum sizes of cells for 1 individuals should be 30 cm in width, 30 cm long and 45 cm in height. Smaller cell will coal an animal; As a result, rodent will begin to experience stress. In the cell, it is necessary to determine the place for a bowl with food and water, toilet and wheels (if available).
There should be good ventilation in the hamster house. Otherwise, the animal will experience breathing problems.
Purchase a better cage with metal rods and a plastic monolithic bottom. Metal construction is much easier to clean. Plastic bottom will help keep claws hamster in retaining.
To increase the physical activity for an animal, you should additionally install the hollow wheel in the cell, inside of which the rodent can run.
To allow the animal to walk freely around the apartment, you can buy a special transparent ball, inside which is a squeeze room. An animal will be able to move around the apartment and know the world around, and the owner will not worry about the fact that the beast is lost.
For a long time to take the animal will help the sand tank installed in the cage. If it is burned there a piece of dried fruit or nuts, the animal will be passionate about the search for delicacy.
Positive emotions favorably affect the mental state of the rodent.
Clean the cell is required 2 times a week. When buying a basic cell, an additional smaller size should be purchased. In this case, the hamster can be transplanted into an additional cell at the time of cleaning and not fear that the rodent will run away.
It should not use strong chemicals for cleaning, as many components can cause allergies from a pet. If the pallet cell is strongly contaminated, it is possible to rinse it with a children's soap or hamster shampoo. All objects available inside the cell are rinsed under running water and completely dry. Ponds wipe with damp cloth.
As for the human body, pure fresh air is useful for the body of a hamster. You can walk only an adult animal; He must be at least 8 weeks. It is advisable to give an animal to walk on the grass on a flat surface. At this point, the owner should be very closely followed by a pet, otherwise it will disappear from sight and will be lost. For large breeds of hamsters, you can purchase a special leash.
You should not give an animal to try grass and plants, as some species may be poisonous for the animal.
I am engaged in professional breeding of hamsters and rats on a permanent basis. I know about them what most people do not know. Always open to constructive discussion
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Some of the most charming animals that are purchased as domestic pets, these are hamsters. Fluffy lumps with cute face do not leave indifferent or children or adults. In addition, if the dog needs to walk, and the cat is required to learn to the tray, then there are no such problems with hamsters. They even like birds, no need to produce "for a walk" in the apartment. All this explains the steadily increasing popularity of rodents, but everyone who starts a hamster, wants to know how much pet lives. This is especially important when the animal buy a child who can be upset because of early death.
How many hamsters live at home?
The inverse relationship between the size of the animal and the duration of his life is observed only in dogs. Basically it works in the other direction: the less the individual, the earlier it dies. Therefore, hamsters will not definitely be called long-livers: mainly they live 2-2.5 years. However, much depends on the conditions of the content and the breed of the hamster, although the excess of average values will still be insignificant.
- How many Syrian hamsters live? These are very large individuals that are similar to the guinea pigs, so their life expectancy is higher than the average and is 3-4 years. This is partly caused by strong immunity, as well as unpretentious in content. In addition, the Syrian hamster does not need a company.
- How many Dzungarian hamsters live? One of the most popular rocks is distinguished by compact dimensions (almost 2 times less than Syrian hamster), sociable and, unfortunately, a sensitive psyche. At home, the animal lives around 2 years, but it is possible to increase this figure to 3.
- How many dwarf hamsters live? The most "short-lived" breed is not only because individuals have a small size, but also due to poor immunity and exposure to various diseases. Dwarf hamsman rarely lives more than 2 years.
Siberian hamsters are much less likely to go home - they are like jungarians, but they have a lighter fur and are also very dependent on communication. It is advisable to buy a pair immediately. The life of Siberian hamsters is also within 3 years. But so that these numbers do not decrease significantly, you need to understand what external factors they depend.
What a hamster to buy home?
Before you think about the care of a pet, you need to properly approach his purchase. Acquire a hamster, which turned 3 weeks or whose age is less than 6 months. This is the most successful period when rodent is already enough "adult" to break away from parents, but it adapts well to new conditions. Not worth buying newborns or older than six months, as it can lead to serious mental violations and early death of Rodent.
Also be sure to find out from the breeder all about the parents of the chosen hamster, about possible hereditary pathologies. If such information cannot be obtained (in relation to cats and dogs, it is practiced more often), then conduct a full inspection that includes such items:
- tail - dry;
- Wool - smooth and has a uniform luxury;
- Eyes - shiny;
- Breathing - smooth, without wheezing.
A healthy hamster is moving quickly through the cage, reacts to touch. In addition, Ideally buy rodent not from hand, but in a specialized store to have a certificate from the vet: such animals often transfer various dangerous (and for pets, and for the owner) of the disease.
How to keep a hamster at home?
Unlike a cat or dog, rodent is much easier to care. The main factor that will affect his life is nutrition. It is not necessary to give food from the table, but natural products are allowed. So the hamsters are very useful to walnuts and peanuts, but the almonds should not be given due to poisonous substances in the skirt. Fresh vegetables are also needed in the diet, but no cabbage and potatoes. Products are definitely chopped finely. Also, hamsters are needed:
- flax seeds;
- homemade dried fruits;
- boiled eggs;
- millet and wheat.
Crupes are boiled solely on the water, without additives. Eggs are mainly used protein. But nevertheless, the base of nutrition hamster is the shop dry food, as well as a mineral stone, which rodent will sharpen his teeth.
Do not forget that hamster needs and fresh water, which is changed daily. In this case, water is used filtered and boiled. Better if the rider is suspended.
Buy a spacious cage with frequent rods that are not covered with paint or varnish, because the animal can start gnawing them and choose. The filler also acquires in a specialized store: no newspapers and wool are dangerous for pets. Inside, it is necessary to put the ladder, the wheel and other devices that will ensure the hamster permanent activity. Without this, the animal is bored, and will also begin to gain weight, which is dangerous early death.
Clean the cells once a week in order to prevent the breeding of pathogenic bacteria and the hamster infection. But the pet itself is not necessary to bathe: it is dangerous wit and death. Hamsters clean the wool alone.
The location for the cell is chosen once and for life: any movement is a stress for rodent. At the same time, it should stand in a half, but not in the far corner, otherwise the hamster will feel lonely. The room where the cell is located, be sure to venture every day, but it is advisable to do this in the morning or in the evening, when a lot of noise comes from the street - he scares hamsters.
Once again it is worth emphasizing that the hamster has a very short lifespan: most of these animals live only up to 3 years, and up to 3.5-4 - units. For this reason, it is not necessary to acquire a hamster for a small child, which can hardly upset from the sudden death of a pet, or a person with an unstable psyche. Otherwise, this is an excellent choice for those who are important not to spend a lot of money and time to care for pet.
Hamsters are one of the most beloved and popular pets. Small, friendly and unpretentious in care, they loved both children and adults. However, the crying of such a pet will be useful to find out how many hamsters live.
How old are growing
Hamsters are born amazing tiny - the size of the beoline and weight of no more than 3-4 grams. Surprisingly, they not only survive, but also, with the abundance of maternal milk, they begin to grow pretty quickly.
To unambiguously say how much time they grow, it is simply impossible. The fact is that it depends first of all from the breed. The smallest varieties (for example, Jungariki) are growing about 1-1.5 months. After that, they continue to grow, but already predominantly styling. That is, by this time they become adults. If you try to determine how old hamster for human standards, you can approximately call the figure in 16-18 years. Syrian hamsters are larger, so they grow for 1-2 weeks longer.
How to find out how much a hamster days
Newborn rodents have naked leather thick red. The spectacle, to be honest, is not too pleasant. But both the caterpillar turns into a butterfly and strange, a naked creature is growing rapidly, becoming more and more like that cute, fluffy fat man, which most people are used to see hamsters. Stages of growing up approximately:
- Krasnut passes through a day after birth - after that, the skin becomes rather pink.
- At the age of 6-8 days, the young begin to squeak, telling the mother, which was hungry. In addition, a liquid cannon appears, which will soon turn into a soft, thick wool.
- 10-12 days are still blind, but curious hamsters crawl out of the house, spread across the entire cage, to the touch by studying the mysterious world around.
- By 15-20, the eyes will open. After a few days, the cannon will change normal wool. By this time, they willingly feed on soft protein foods (boiled eggs, cottage cheese).
- 30-40 days - you are almost an adult rodent. It is absolutely independent of the mother, it feeds on his own, trying to arrange its own nest. Many aggressive breeds begin to arrange svary due to the territory. So, it's time to sear them in individual cells to avoid trouble.
So we found out how to find out how much hamster days. By remembering these marks, you can quickly figure out his age.
Much can tell about the hamster and its behavior, as well as accurate scales. The heavier hamster, the older. In addition, after a year, the ears begin to lie - the young people are covered with gentle wool. May give age and attitude to sleep.
How many hamsters live?
Unfortunately, the answer to this question is disappointing. It is impossible to say that these cute animals are long-livers. But still, the crying of them, it is very important to know how many years of hamsters live.
It also largely depends on the breed. Smaller grow rapidly, hastily agreed and quickly die.
Are you interested, how many years do Syrian hamsters live? We can say that you are lucky - on average they live 2-3 years, but some individuals with good care quite live to 4 and even 5 years old - real long-livers!
Of the common breeds, only the hamsters of Roborovsky are around them - their average life fluctuates from 3 to 3.5 years - perhaps, translated into human is close to 130-150 years.
Significantly shorter age at the Chinese hamster - in the region of 2 - 2.5 years.
Interested how many years do Dzhungarian hamsters live? Here is already worse. Most allocated only 1.5-2 years. Only rare long-livers reach up to 3 years.
Finally, Campbell hamsters who loved to many people almost never live to 2 years old - they were given the least deadlines in their tribe.
What does life depends
Of course, even in everyday household hamster there are factors that can affect the life expectancy - both in good direction and in bad. So, the fact of how old the hamster will live, depends not only on its breed, but also the owner's relationship. What do you need to do that your favorite rodent live as long as possible? Let's give some tips:
- Balanced diet.
- High activity.
- Purity. For the condition of the skins, the hamster is beautifully watching himself. But about the cage will have to take care of the owner.
As you can see, it's not difficult to take care of hamster. And thanks to good care, your favorite will probably live for a few months longer - for rodent it is a very long time.
How many hamsters live at home
The life expectancy of hamster is interested in many owners. This is probably the shortcoming that is inherent in these animals. In comparison with other domestic pets, this rodent loses almost all of them for this parameter. But not a lot of life expectancy should not beat the desire to make this pet. For his 2-3 years, he fully competes this lack of a good mood, which will give every day. His behavior always causes a smile, even if a black strip in life. But that this strip does not even be black from the unexpected death of the pet, you need to know how much hamsters live to be ready to say goodbye when the time comes.
How many hamsters live at home
Unfortunately, the life expectancy of hamsters at home is only 2-3 years. This is the average, because with bad care it can significantly reduce. Health needs to be preserved, as it will be difficult to return it. This is especially true of our rodent, which is very sensitive to stimuli. An ordinary cold or allergy can cause serious harm to the body. But despite the fact that it is so painful with poor care, you can always at least a little extend the life expectancy. To do this, you just need to properly care. Up to 5 years lives one to a million. But helping to give up to 3.5 years it is quite possible. Provided that experiments will not be carried out on fluffy, and immediately do everything right.
If you are interested in how much a homemade hamster lives, then he has for the first time. This means that it will live on average 2-2.5 years. Three years will already be considered long-life. But this can be considered a small plus, although defective. People often throw away animals into the street just because they are tired. Hamster is unlikely to have time to get bored for his short life. Therefore, the head of one day, it is possible to understand whether this rodent is suitable for you. Even after death, you can always make another one.
What does life depends
Since how much a hamster lives at home depends on you, you need to know some details. The basis of hamsters is based on several things:
Not only health depends on food, but how many hamsters live. There are products that are included in the diet necessarily. And some are generally strictly forbidden to give a animal. Therefore, you need to distinguish what will benefit, but what is the harm. The teeth of the cutters grow all his life, rodent them constantly steps. It is necessary that they do not grown too big and did not harm the pet. Stooling also makes them sharper. Ideally, for this buy a mineral stone. He gnaws him and steps his teeth about him, at the same time getting some dose of nutrients. If there is no stone, then put a wooden bar. In the absence of both, the hamster nibbles the cell and does not allow to sleep. The diet is the solid feed that is bought in the pet store. It is recommended to give preference precisely imported, since vitamins must be bought to domestic. Fresh vegetables and fruits are used in mandatory and serve the rifle of the diet. But before feeding, find out what vegetables can be hamsters.
You need to be able to choose a cell for a hamster. She will influence his condition all life. Choose depending on the type. For Syrian, need more cage than for junarika or dwarf hamster. If the housing area is unlikely, she will not give an animal to feel comfortable. Yes, and live will be boring. This is a very active animal constantly moving. In a cage or terrarium, there should be enough space to ensure this need. Remember that a large area is better than a few floors.
We advise you to read: what fruits can be given hamster.
Cell cleaning will affect the smell in the room and the state of the health of the fluffy. It is not strange, but the lifespan life of the hamster at home also depends on this. If you do not remove, then the pathoral bacteria will be headed, which will subside the health of the animal. Therefore, make this procedure at least once a week.
How many homemade hamsters live depends on their activity. If it is minimal and the animal almost never goes beyond the cage, then you should not count on a greater life expectancy. In nature, wild hamsters run tens of kilometers per day. It is necessary to maximize this need for a terrarium or cell. To do this, it must be a running wheel. If it fits the animal in all respects, it will overcome a few kilometers per night. It comes from time to time to walk the hamster in the apartment. To do this, you can simply watch it to watch it in order not to release from the view, or use a walking ball. An animal is placed in it and closed. In this form, he runs around the apartment and explores everything that interests him. Furniture and other things are protected, because it cannot get out of the ball alone to squeeze something. Walks provide additional activity and quench the natural curiosity of the rodent. And it from nature rolls.
Remember that this is a night beast. In the afternoon, he sleeps and requires it silence. It is no secret that the lifetime of hamster at home depends on sleep. Therefore, it is recommended not to make noise near the cage. Yes, and the room itself must comply with certain criteria.
The hamster can damage the bright light, draft, strong or long noise, viruses, bacteria, etc.
How many hamsters live in nature
The life expectancy of hamsters at home is very different from wildlife. Despite the fact that they are provided with sufficient activity, they are waiting for many dangers. Most of all reduce the life expectancy of predators, which are always glad to enjoy fresh prey. Many dying at a young age and few people live to old age. With age, the indicators of activity fall, through which there is no longer a dexterity and attention to escape at the right moment. Hamster's life expectancy can be both two years and a few months. On average 1-2 years old.
How many hamsters live?
Hamster is a cheerful pet, it can be started at home and contain in the cage. Hamsters are soft and fluffy, they love children and adults, animals are not too capricious in care, and they are inexpensive. The only disadvantage is their short life.
As a rule, hamsters can live both in the wild and at home. In this case, the duration of their existence will be different.
In the apartment environment, a hamster can live longer than in the wild. In addition, the pet life cycle depends on the care and care of the owner. Different breeds of hamsters live a different life cycle.
- Syrian are large, they have good immunity, they live about 3-4 years.
- Dzhungarian hamsters have the length of the body of 11 centimeters. They are very sociable, but at the same time changes are too much in conditions. For example, such animals can get stress if they are moved from the cell or housing there to another hamster. If the hamster of this breed lives in nature, its life cycle will be 13 months, and at home, the crumb will live about 3 years.
- Dwarf hamsters have a small weight, they are sensitive to different diseases. It is important for them to pick up the right feed. At home, "dwarfs" can live about 2 years.
- Siberian hamsters are outwardly similar to Dzhungarian. These are very active pets whose life cycle is 3 years.
In wild nature
In the wild, the life cycle depends on the type of hamster - Some live 2 years, and some can live 7 years. In a natural habitat, these fluffy inhabitants are less likely to live to old age, even if they lead an active lifestyle.
There are a lot of predators, such as eagles or snakes that eat hamsters. First of all, cubs may die. But even the older individuals are food for predatory animals and birds. For this reason, the average The duration of hamster in the wild is about 1.5-2 years.
What does life depend on?
The lifespan of a small pet is due not only to its breed or type. Homemade hamsters are very important care, as well as proper nutrition.
It is necessary to maintain the purity of the cell. Daily need to remove food residues that can deteriorate. For example, fruits or pieces of meat in a heat can slowly rot, which will lead to health problems. Check the corners and handhes, where the hamster can storage for the meter.
The bottom of the dwelling should be pretty aluminum. Corn or cellulose fillers can be purchased. The pet is needed constant care, every day you need to remove a wet filler and insert fresh. Animals are clean and can cope in one place. General cleaning and washing cells need to be made 4 times in 30 days.
If you constantly carry out a general cleaning, then the hamster will begin a nervous breakdown.
You can provide a pet with a playground, labyrinths of tunnels. If the hamster wants to move around the apartment, then it needs to walk in the walking bowl. If there is no walking bowl, the hamster can be subjected to hazards: it will be stuck somewhere, it will be pushed by the door, will fall, eat poisonous plants, will be able to blame the electrical wire. Please note that the escaped hamster is very difficult to catch.
It is impossible to leave the animal to walk in high objects, such as a table or sofa. Some owners stroll a hamster in nature, but an animal that has grown at home can be subjected to the strongest stress or get sick.
If you let go of a pet walk to nature, then it will certainly be in danger. There it is aptive such predators like a dog, a cat, rat, crow. Pet will easily run away, but lost. Environment does not suit the pet , for example, wet, grass or hot sun badly affect the animal.
On earth and herbs there are always parasites that can infect hamster infection.
For pet, a balanced feed is needed, which has vitamins and minerals. Before buying, you will definitely ask What products need to be given to an animal.
You can feed the pet walnuts and peanuts, but the almonds cannot be included in the diet, since there may be harmful elements in the shelter. Many vegetables, except for white cabbage, do not take place. Additional additive is Mineral stone Thanks to this, the animal can get mineral elements. Also, the mineral stone helps the animal to negotiate its cutters.
In general, the main part of the diet is grain. You can purchase special mixtures in the pet store. In expensive compositions there are vitamins. Pet can eat fruits and vegetables that need to cut into small piece. You can give a large piece of vegetable so that the hamster has become the teeth.
Boiled chicken breast, eggs, insects, low-fat cottage cheese, seeds and nuts are quite suitable for hamster.
But it is not necessary to give an animal meat every day, it is enough to offer it 3 times a week. All products that quickly deteriorate should be removed from the housing of a hamster after 7-9 hours, so that the animal is not poisoned.
Hamsions can also be given citrus, potatoes, exotic fruits.
If there is no doctor nearby, then the owner of the hamster needs to know the symptoms of the disease and their treatment. All processes inside the body of the animal pass quickly, so you need to study the rules in advance to help the pet for the disease.
Diseases can be divided into two types: contagious and unsuccessful. There are diseases that have similar symptoms.
First of all, the owner must understand what is happening with a hamster. If the animal is healthy, then it leads an active lifestyle and eats well. In healthy pets, the wool should be dry, thick, shiny and smooth, and the eyes are clear and clean.
The sick hamster has such symptoms:
- Appetite is disturbed: the hamster is completely either partially refuses feed, selectively eats food, his thirst rises;
- abundantly flowing saliva - on the chin, neck, chest there is wet wool;
- In the animal diarrhea - the rear half of the body has wet wool or traces of feces;
- In addition to diarrhea, there may be constipation - a dry chair and solid or absent at all;
- Eyes will be watered or from them is distinguished by pus;
- Breathing is difficult, mucus and wheezes are distinguished from the nostril;
- There is problems with the skin: the wool of dull color, peeling, has propellas, wounds;
- The hamster becomes sluggish, moves little, constantly lies;
- The nervous system will deteriorate - coordination is violated or convulsions appear;
- The body becomes swelling.
If there is any violation of the pet life of the pet, it will serve as a concern for anxiety and inspection of the animal.
The owner can always understand, a pet fell ill or not, because only he knows the hacks and features of his hamster.
What breeds live longer?
The breed and genetic predisposition may affect the lifespan of the hamster. If in the family the pet was animals who lived for a long time, then the likelihood is that this hamster will also live longer than his relatives. Before buying the animal, you need to learn about the pedigree pet, find out about the parents of the animal, about their health, about diseases, if they were. These signs will help to acquire a good animal that will live for a long time.
Important! Hamsters-long-liveders are animals that have an age of 3-4 years. There were such cases when Syrian hamster could live 7 years. In the wild, animals may die within a year and a half, because they are unable to adapt to natural conditions, and become food for predatory animals. Syrian hamsters have large sizes, and because of this they can be confused with a guinea pig. The average length of the animal is 14-16 centimeters, their mass is 111-126 grams. An animal has a golden-yellow or reddish brown.
In animals of this breed there is a habit - keep the food in the brush bags. Because of this process, the cheeks may increase. Such pets have a good immunity, they are rarely ill. So that the animal could live longer, it is necessary to create special conditions for it.
- Inside the cells can not be seized other rodents, because the hamster from the Syrian rock is considered the owner. He will protect his cage and quarrel with relatives.
- You need to put the wheel for running, so that the hamster spend his energy. An animal is active, and about 7 kilometers can run in one night.
Dzhungarian hamsters are very restless and mobile. For them, you need to buy the wheel and tunnels. Animals of this breed can live for a long time at home, and in the wild. They must always walk at home, as well as monitor their actions. Externally, Dzhungarian hamsters are like mice. They have a length of approximately 11 centimeters, a mass of 41-66 grams. Color Buo-grayish, and in winter - silver-gray. The Dzhungar breed also has innate stocks, so animals collect and fold all the supplies for cheeks, even if an inedible subject will fall (soap, thread, paper).
So that with a hamster nothing happened, he needs to highlight the territory for walking. But before you release an animal from his dwelling, the apartment should be given a full order. Khungarian breed hamsters have small sizes, and only for this reason they live less than Syrian. Their life expectancy is about 2-2.5 years.
But if you correctly contain an animal, it can live and 3 years.
Siberian hamsters are similar to Dzhungarian: they have almost the same sizes and proportions (length - about 11 centimeters, weight is about 26-51 grams). In addition, pets have a blacknate gray color and a brown strip along the back. A characteristic feature is a color change: in winter, a hamster acquires a practically snow-white tone. The animals are unpretentious and calm. An animal can feel good in a cage and aquarium, it will not need a wheel. The Siberian Pet leads a nightlife. He does not need a joint accommodation with relatives. Animals of this breed live up to 3 years.
Dwarf hamsters have a length of 6-8 centimeters, their mass is about 51 grams. This breed has three varieties that differ in color:
- Hamster Campbell - brown;
- Pet of Roborovsky has a golden white belly;
- The animal of Taylor - gray.
Karlikov belongs to the Surgut hamster. Small pets eat a lot, they even overeat, so they need to look after them. They are moving animals, and constant walks and spaces are important. Due to the fact that the animals have small sizes, they can live 2 years.
You can increase the lifespan if you provide comfort in the cell.
- The average sizes at the base of the cell must be 32x72 centimeters.
- Inside the cell should be a separate house where the animal can hide.
- Be sure to need a small bowl with sand so that the beast can clean its wool. Such a hygienic procedure is useful for the animal.
Let's summarize the life expectancy of pets, familiar with the short table.
Syrian decorative animals live longer than everyone, as they are the most resistant to stress and external factors.
Such pets like hamsters need good care, so it is necessary to follow some useful tips from zoologists.
For hamster, you need to prepare a cell that has medium sizes. The cage should not be high. Inside the dwelling pet you can put a wooden house. But the cell itself does not need to be made of wood, because the hamster can bother his home.
A good solution will purchase a metal cage, but the dwelling made from copper, not recommended to buy. Also, instead of a cell, you can take an unnecessary aquarium. Some owners use a regular box, and so that the hamster felt comfortable, it is possible to put the flaps of the fabric, soft paper or cardboard inside the box. Thus, the pet himself can arrange a nest.
The standard sizes of the house for pet are:
- Height - 13 centimeters;
- Width and length - 16 centimeters.
You can not put a pet into a glass three-liter jar, as the animal will feel the grindiness and stool. Inside the house you need to install the wheel, it is necessary for a hamster.
With the wheel, the animal maintains physical form. If there is no daily jogging, the pet will be drowned.
The most difficult in the content of the animal is the toilet. So that there is no smell, the bottom of the house must be retractable. On the bottom you need to put organic glass or plastic. With the help of a retractable pallet, you can quickly clean the garbage and eliminate odors. On the pallet you need to sprinkle sawdust from non-resinous wood.
Once a week you need to clean the house hamster. Once 30 days, it is necessary to disinfect the dwelling with a 0.2 percent solution of chlorine lime. The cage needs to be cleaned, not disturbed pet and its supplies. If you throw up the supplies, then the animal will experience stress. The exception is only perishable products.
The hamster is an absolutely safe pet, it is quite possible to buy a child. Care and maintain an animal at home is easy. The main thing is to care in time and ensure a full ration.
How many hamsters live, look in the following video.
The breed of homemade hamsters differ from each other by the appearance and features of behavior. So that life with the pet was comfortable, you need to take into account many factors.
For the content of the house, six rocks of hamsters are recommended. It is impossible to settle together rodents of different species, as they will not be able to rest peacefully.
- Hamsters ordinary.
- Dzhungarian (Dzungariki).
- Hamsa Robkovsky.
Important! When choosing a new family member, consider the features of each breed, because the pet will live with you more than one year.
Common hamsters (cricetus cricetus)
The largest view of homemade hamsters. These rodents are aggressive, freedom-loving and zealo guard the territory. Be prepared for the fact that the hamster will choose one owner among family members and recognizes only him, aggressively defending himself and a house from other people. Of the advantages - the original three-color painting, active behavior, followed by observing.
- Color: three-color, belly black, brown back, white socks on foot and white muzzle.
- Body Length: 20-35 cm.
- Character: recommended solitary content
- Life expectancy: about 3 years.
Dzhungarian hamsters (Phodopus Sungorus)
Cute dwarf "fur balls" are simple in the content, possess a fitful character and look beautiful. They have a bright abdomen, and on the back there is a typical dark strip along the spine. Dzongharikov coloring:
- Standard - brown-gray with a white abdomen;
- Pearls - white with gray linations;
- Sapphire - gray with a white abdomen;
- Mandarin - creamy redhead.
- body length - up to 10 cm;
- character - for solitary content;
- Life expectancy - from 2 to 4 years.
Jungariki are fine with the owners, but other hamsters will be hostile to other hamsters. Together you can keep only same-sex kids under the age of 1 month. Like Campbell hamsters, Jungariki begin to smell strongly, if they often not change the litter.
Active mobile pets are very similar to mice. Their tail is longer than that of other hamsters, the muzzle and the body are narrower and elongated. On the back there is a dark strip, the color is sandy brown, white-gray or spotted.
- body length - from 8 to 12 cm;
- character - for solitary content;
- Life expectancy - from 2.5 to 3 years.
Robust good-natured rodents almost do not bite, often active in the night, and during the daytime. In nature, live by groups, but at home it is better not to settle hamsters together.
Syrian (golden) hamsters
Golden hamsters love sports and adore explore the world around. They are sociable and inquisitive, love to walk along the labyrinths and run in the wheel. Syrian hamsters are not overwhelming from the owner even after interruptions in communication.
- body length - from 13 to 18 cm;
- character - for solitary content;
- Life expectancy - from 2 to 4 years.
From representatives of the Syrian rock, a subspecies of Angora hamsters are distinguished. Their feature is a wide variety of colors. Pet wool need to combably comb, but the bathing is excluded.
Campbell hamsters (Russian dwarf)
Miniature hamsters with a thin black stripe on the back can be of any color - brown, gray, white or cream. If you do not remove for a long time Ceke Pets will strongly smell - the breed has a special iron that produces odorless secret.
- body length - from 8 to 10 cm;
- character - for solitary content;
- Life expectancy - from 1.5 to 2.5 years.
In nature, Campbell's hamsters live in pairs or family groups, but at home they don't need to share them - animals will fight. To tame these animals is harder than other hamsters - they love to bite, so you can take them in hand only in gloves.
Miniature sandy-yellow hamsters are active in the evenings and at night. This is the only breed suitable for group (same-sex) content.
- body length - from 4 to 5 cm;
- character - for group content;
- Life expectancy - from 3 to 3.5 years.
Hamsters Roborovsky are very fast, small and fragile - they are better not to take their hands. These pets are great for observation - the kids love to play in the terrarium, we humblely communicate with each other.
Basic rules for the choice and content of hamsters
Hamsters are simple animals for home content. It is enough to know several rules of content so that the pet is always cheerful and healthy.
How to keep home hamster:
- do not bat
- do not scare and not punish;
- do not divide in general groups;
- settle in a spacious cell and give toys;
- Select a cage with small cells.
Like any pet, hamster requires constant access to drinking water and a suitable diet. Decorative homemade hamsters are prone to diabetes, so you need to follow so that they do not eat too much fruit. Wild European hamsters are less likely to be susceptible to this disease and are considered the most healthy representatives of the species.
Hamsters - Master of Escapes. The smaller the rodent, the easier it is to get out of the cell and go on a trip to the house. Catch the animal is difficult - frightened by looking for an animal can run from the owner for a very long time. Escape and capture can turn into stress and even the death of the animal. Therefore, for games and communication, choose a medium sized hamsters (10-15 cm). They are easier to hold in their hands, and a cell with a fine grid is suitable for the content.
The behavior of the hamster cannot be changed. For example, the night animal will not be an active day, but to an aggressive or adult pet no neighbor.
For a comfortable life of the new friend, prepare
one. Ceke . Choose a model not covered with paint. Hamsters love to nibble metal bars, and the coating applied to the cage can cause poisoning or chemical burns of the esophagus. Rods must be well welded and not to have protruding corners. The optimal distance between them is no more than 1 cm. Check the door for the presence of a durable castle.
Important! There are cell models that include the desired filling - a house, drinking, wheel, pipe.
2. Filler . Do not stroline sawdust in the cage - the animal can be born. Choose wood or paper filler. Each type holds the smell and does not contain toxic substances. Paper version of hypoallergen, wood is difficult to scatter, so it will be clean around the cell.
3. Wheel for running . In the wildlife, the hamster is able to overcome long distances. Physical exertion is necessary to strengthen immunity and preventing obesity. For rodents of large breeds, a wheel with a diameter of 18 cm, small - 14-16 cm.
four. House . Little rodent runs into a soft toilet house and sleep, peep peacefully. The houses mimic the usual mink for hamsters, so the pet is hiding in stocks there. Clean the cleaning every two days, throw off the spoiled products (pieces of vegetables, fruits, greens). Shelters are made of safe materials - wood, ceramics, plastic.
five. Koyka . Clean water must be available hamster. Drinking should be firmly fixed to the cell. Rinse the device before pouring fresh water.
6. Cordushku . Choose ceramic accessories. It will not be easy to flip over, therefore the pet feed will not be on the litter. A small bowl is placed in any cage and helps accurately dispense food.
Important! In order to save space in the cell, you can choose a product that combines a house, cream and feeder.
7. Restroom . Hamsters love purity, so natural need, as a rule, cope with the corner of the cell. Put the plastic toilet in it, filled with pieces of napkins. The use of the accessory will save time, because the litter does not have to change frequently.
8. Tunnels . The device helps to brighten the leisure of the rodent when running in the wheel is bored. Build multi-level structures and labyrinths for which your favorite will move fun.
9. Hammock . Serves as an extra holiday destination. Hammocks are kept warm, so it is comfortable to sleep in them if the house is cool.
ten. Toys . Wooden models can be shown from place to place and drive around the cage. Textile accessories are distinguished by strength. Toys are made of safe materials, so do not worry if your favorite accidentally swallows a piece.
eleven. Feed и delicacy . Specialized feeds include a set of ingredients required for balanced nutrition. Tools containing materials are complemented by the diet. And they are so fun to nibble!
12. Pleasure ball . Permanent stay in the cell can be diluted with walks in a bowl. Thanks to the rodent device, it will safely travel around the apartment, exploring interesting places.
thirteen. Carrying . Need to transport the animal. Wear a hamster in your pocket or bag dangerous - it can get out of shelter and escape.
We provide security
Despite the fact that a large part of life a hamster will spend in a cage, the surrounding situation may be dangerous for him.
- Maintain a temperature of 22-24 degrees in the room;
- Avoid contact with direct sunlight, exposure to drafts and heating devices;
- Try to limit contact with other animals;
- Check the room, do not smoke indoors where the cage is worth;
- Make sure that the housing of the rodent is located far from plants, wires, household chemicals.
When choosing a pet, pay attention to the features of its character. In order for the joint life to bring joy, ensure a small creation of decent care, comfort and safety.
If you are going to make a pet for yourself or your child, then surely thought about hamster. Unlike larger pets, these rodents have a lot of advantages - they are small, they do not need to walk and easily leave on the overexpatch during the holidays.
But the problem is that hamsters can be very picky in the content, they suffer from stress and various diseases, which reduces them without that short life. Understanding how to care for a pet than feeding and what to do if it gets sick, will allow you to create a favorable environment for long and active life.
Life expectancy of hamsters in the wild
The life expectancy of wild hamsters is on average from one and a half to two years. In the natural habitat, they have many enemies. The most vulnerable are young who become predatory prey, but some of the most individuals can live five or more. In addition, animals are often dying from a lack of feed or adverse weather conditions, so they live less than their home conifers.
How many hamsters live at home
If Gryzun lived with you for more than four years, you can safely consider it a long-liver, because at home the hamsters live on average for 2-3 years. In houses usually contain hamsters of the most common breeds.
One of the most popular hamster breeds. With good conditions of the house, they can live 3-4 years old and are considered long-livers. An adult hamster weighs 230-250 grams with a body length of about 13 cm. These are very affectionate animals, easily get used to people and quickly become pets of the whole family.
FACT. In the US, hamsters are often set for children to subsequently explain to the child on a living example, which is life and natural death.
Miniature breed. Animals are very unpretentious and almost omnivorous. With a body length, only 10 cm rodent can weigh from 40 to 70 grams. They are active in the evening and night time, and in the afternoon they sleep . At home, the year has been living - one and a half, but with good care they can live 2-3 years.
These include such rocks like:
- Hamster Roborovsky;
- Campbell breed;
- Hamster Taylor.
These miniature rodents weigh about 30 grams, and in length reach - 4-8 cm. The animals are very sociable and movable. At home, it is recommended to contain a group of animals. There are such hamsters on average for two years. They are very kind and often die from falling on the floor with a small height.
Also small - with a body length of 7-10 cm can weigh 25-50 grams. In captivity lives up to three years. The hamsters of this breed lead a sedentary lifestyle and are active mainly in the evening and at night. .
What is the life expectancy of hamster
If the animal is actively moving, and it will be balanced, it will live longer. To do this, they need to ensure optimal conditions of detention. The life expectancy of hamsters directly depends on a number of factors, such as breed, food quality, genetics, disease and even stress.
Basic hamster care conditions are the same for all breeds. Wash hamsters can not, as they can catch a cold. To maintain a pet, you will need a cell or aquarium of the appropriate size, a house, as well as a running wheel to provide it with the necessary physical exertion.Does your pet live in a cage or aquarium?
In addition, you need to protect the animal from bright light, loud music. As a litter, you can use hay, sawdust, sand and even ordinary paper or wool. It is important to understand that the filler of the litter serves as a floor, a bed and a toilet for your pet. Therefore, it is necessary to approach his choice.
Clean the hamster cell must be at least 2-3 times a week. Otherwise, the hamster can poison the spoiled food residues that he lines into his house.
REFERENCE. Comfortable temperature for hamster from +18 to + 25 ° C. An animal is contraindicated straight sun rays and drafts.
Balanced diet is the key to the long and healthy life of a hamster. The main products in the diet of hamsters are cereals and legumes. But they are also happy to eat vegetables, fruits, and even boiled meat. During the day, the hamster can eat 1-3 teaspoons of a grain mixture.
From the diet should be eliminated by sweet, salty and oily food, as well as fresh bread, exotic fruits and a number of other products. From the wrong power, a pet can get sick. They have a disorder of digestion, eyes will tear, may be allergic and baldness.
IMPORTANT. The hamster cannot be fed food from its table. It is categorically contraindicated: milk, and dairy products, bread and pasta, onions, garlic and sorrel, apricot and cherry bones.
As practice shows, the genes affect the life expectancy of pets of pets much to a lesser extent than the environment and lifestyle. But there are genetic diseases, such as diabetes that can significantly reduce the cells of the hamster. But with proper care and treatment, the animal can live last 2-3 years.
Large hamsters, such as Syrian, live longer their dwarf fellow women. It is believed that they are more resistant to environmental conditions are less susceptible to stress, diseases and infections. So that your pet has lived longer, you need to pick it up to it and create the conditions corresponding to its breed.
In addition to ordinary diseases inherent in all pets, such as colds, skin diseases, all sorts of roads and abscesses, there are a number of diseases that are inherent only to rodents.
Some of them, for example, auiesci disease ("false rabies") and a colibacillosis ("wet tail"), if they are not revealed in the early stages, can lead to a fatal outcome.
In addition, rodents suffer from what they quickly grow teeth. If there is not enough hard food in the diet, which cutters are stepping, animals will experience discomfort, up to refusal.
Separately, there is a dangerous disease for a person, for example, lymphocytic choriomening.
As part of this article, we will not be able to describe the symptoms of all hamster diseases. If your favorite has changes in behavior or in appearance - do not slow and do not self-medicate. Contact the veterinarian.
How many hamsters grow to
Rodents are actively added in weight and size to 2-3 months and finally grow to 6 months. The males are growing faster than females and can reach adult sizes by 4-5 months.
At what age is better to buy a hamster
It is best to take a hamster in the house, which is 1.5 - 2 months. At this age, they easily get used to the new place and the owner and even succumb to training. Make sure the animal is great. Pay attention to the appearance of the rodent. It should be rehung, active, thick and shiny wool, clean eyes and ears.
Transportation and new smells are stress for hamsters. They can hide and behave aggressively. At first, it is better to leave the animal at rest so that he is accustomed to a new home in which he will have to live for several years.
How to extend the life of a hamster: basic rules
So that your pet lived for a long time and happily you need to create favorable conditions. But many owners do not make efforts to improve the quality of life of their pets, do not show their veterinarian in the event of a disease and perceive the death of the hamster as granted. But to extend them life is easy.
The greater the animal, the more spacious there should be a cell. So, for the Syrian hamster, a cell is suitable for a size of 50 × 30 cm with a minimum of 25 cm in height. For dwarf hamsters, the cell may not be so large, with a smaller distance between the rods. The house and a hamster's wheel is a high-quality sleep and necessary physical exertion that affect the nervous animal's nervous system. The hamster will not experience stress and live longer.
As for nutrition, today there is a large selection of balanced stern for hamsters of different breeds. In any pet shop you will pick up suitable feed based on the size and age of your pet. In addition, fresh water should always be in the cell in free access.
Lifehaki for hamster - video
Before starting a hamster, make sure that you can care for it and provide him with a comfortable existence throughout his short life. Armed with our practical advice, boldly go to the pet store to choose a pet.