The origin of the New Year More people in the world are not interested. It would be nice and fun to spend time. The process itself is important. But there is a group of people who do not mention it fundamentally and they have a good reason for this. This article will help to treat respect to those whom the conscience does not allow him to celebrate. New Year for people in our time is the greatest, important holiday. Holiday holiday, you can say so. Most people in the world do not even think about the origins of the celebration and the meaning of rituals associated with it (for example: dance around the Christmas tree, gifts donation, etc.). And what is the attributes of the holiday (Christmas tree, Santa Claus, Snow Maiden, etc.)? Now we will analyze the holiday with you on the other hand. Information in this article for someone can become shocking, but this is true. This fact confirms many historical documents. Well, it's time to see the face of the holiday. You can watch the video on YouTube if you wish ... Why is New Year celebrating January 1? According to historical information, in the old days, people considered the beginning of the year March, and not January 1, as is generally recognized today. It was in March that agricultural, field work began. But with the rule of Julia Caesar changed everything. In 46 BC Era, he introduced a new Julian calendar and changed the date of celebration of the New Year for the first January. Why exactly the first January was chosen by the new date? The fact is that January was named after Janus, Roman pagan God. And this day, January 1 was dedicated to him. The Pan's God of Janus seemed two-limit. One face was drawn forward to the east, that is, to the future, And the other face watched back (west), That is, in the past. Janus was considered God all the beginning, entrances and exits. On the first day of January, the bull, pies, wine, and various fruits sacrificed in the Temple of Janus. People wanted each other happiness and gave sweets and gifts. Over time, this holiday was scaled in all. Became very popular. Although they stopped remembering Janus and give the holiday another meaning, but the essence remains. Why is it used that fir? Selected spruce is not accidental. This tree has always been attributed to this tree, the magical property has always been attributed. Ancient Celts for an example, spruce was considered a magic tree, she is always green, which means that no destructive forces are. Spruce was considered the inhabitant of the forest deity. This forest spirit lived in the oldest and mighty fir. During the winter solstice, people gathered around this tree to worship and ensure this spirit. It was believed that friendship with him is very important. Near this ate, people drove dance and brought victims. Yes, it is victims. Because in the old days, the spirit of the spirit was used only by one single way-sacrificing. The worst thing is that initially such victims were human. Only with time began to use animals. The insides of those killed sacrifices were hung on the branches of ate, and she herself was deceived by blood with no obey victims. The current modern toys are the protothes of the insides of the killed animals that were awesome on the branches of ate. When the strengthened Christian church banned sacrifices, the peoples replaced the internal organs with paper garlands and balls. At that time they were made of wood and rags. Later they began to make it from glass. All these attributes gave a more attractive view. Thus, this terrible holiday, all these bloody rituals gradually became generally accepted. Who is Santa Claus? The main character of the new year is of course the Claus. Now we know it as a funny custody, kind and friendly. But before he was not at all like that. Actually, kind grandfather Frost is an ancient and evil Celtic deity. Great Older North, Lord of Ice. He had an image of an evil elder, who kicked his disobedient kids with his staff or intimidated them with terrible fairy tales. Interestingly, this evil spirit, now known as Santa Claus managed at home with a bag. Only not at all gifts for children were in the bag of this. In this bag, he collected sacrifices. Where did Snow Maiden Character come from? The visit of the elder with the staff and the bag foreshadowed nothing more than Bed. As a rule, after his departure in the house there was a corpse. To protect the village from an undesirable visit "Santa Claus" Ancient people brought a sacrifice. This victim was a young virgin girl. It was stripped and divered into the forest in Lyut Frost, tied to the tree and left. If the day the girl frozen, it meant that the sacrifice was adopted by the Deity, he was pleased with him and his dirty. Present this poor girl is now modern Snow Maiden. Yes, it is once frozen and covered by the corpse of the killed young girl. Now she is everywhere accompanied by Santa Claus. As you can see, the origin of the New Year, with all its attributes: an elegant Christmas tree, Santa Claus and the Snow Maiden monstrous. It was a bloody pagan ritual with sacrifices for the malfunction of an evil deity. Now people celebrate New Year without thinking about what the whole magic tinsel came from. But the truth of the new year is precisely. The origin of the New Year - terrible. Salad "Bull" is preparing easily and quickly, eats at any time of the year and not only in the year of the bull !
The origin of the New Year More people in the world are not interested. It would be nice and fun to spend time. The process itself is important. But there is a group of people who do not mention it fundamentally and they have a good reason for this. This article will help to treat respect to those whom the conscience does not allow him to celebrate.
New Year for people in our time is the greatest, important holiday. Holiday holiday, you can say so. Most people in the world do not even think about the origins of the celebration and the meaning of rituals associated with it (for example: dance around the Christmas tree, gifts donation, etc.). And what is the attributes of the holiday (Christmas tree, Santa Claus, Snow Maiden, etc.)? Now we will analyze the holiday with you on the other hand.
Information in this article for someone can become shocking, but this is true. This fact confirms many historical documents. Well, it's time to see the face of the holiday.
You can watch the video on YouTube if you wish ...
Why is New Year celebrating January 1?
According to historical information, in the old days, people considered the beginning of the year March, and not January 1, as is generally recognized today. It was in March that agricultural, field work began. But with the rule of Julia Caesar changed everything. In 46 BC Era, he introduced a new Julian calendar and changed the date of celebration of the New Year for the first January.
Why exactly the first January was chosen by the new date?
The fact is that January was named after Janus, Roman pagan God. And this day, January 1 was dedicated to him. The Pan's God of Janus seemed two-limit. One face was drawn forward to the east, that is, to the future, And the other face watched back (west), That is, in the past. Janus was considered God all the beginning, entrances and exits.
On the first day of January, the bull, pies, wine, and various fruits sacrificed in the Temple of Janus. People wanted each other happiness and gave sweets and gifts.
Over time, this holiday was scaled in all. Became very popular. Although they stopped remembering Janus and give the holiday another meaning, but the essence remains.
Why is it used that fir?
Selected spruce is not accidental. This tree has always been attributed to this tree, the magical property has always been attributed. Ancient Celts for an example, spruce was considered a magic tree, she is always green, which means that no destructive forces are.
Spruce was considered the inhabitant of the forest deity. This forest spirit lived in the oldest and mighty fir. During the winter solstice, people gathered around this tree to worship and ensure this spirit. It was believed that friendship with him is very important. Near this ate, people drove dance and brought victims. Yes, it is victims. Because in the old days, the spirit of the spirit was used only by one single way-sacrificing.
The worst thing is that initially such victims were human. Only with time began to use animals. The insides of those killed sacrifices were hung on the branches of ate, and she herself was deceived by blood with no obey victims. The current modern toys are the protothes of the insides of the killed animals that were awesome on the branches of ate.
When the strengthened Christian church banned sacrifices, the peoples replaced the internal organs with paper garlands and balls. At that time they were made of wood and rags. Later they began to make it from glass. All these attributes gave a more attractive view. Thus, this terrible holiday, all these bloody rituals gradually became generally accepted.
Who is Santa Claus?
The main character of the new year is of course the Claus. Now we know it as a funny custody, kind and friendly. But before he was not at all like that. Actually, kind grandfather Frost is an ancient and evil Celtic deity. Great Older North, Lord of Ice. He had an image of an evil elder, who kicked his disobedient kids with his staff or intimidated them with terrible fairy tales.
Interestingly, this evil spirit, now known as Santa Claus managed at home with a bag. Only not at all gifts for children were in the bag of this. In this bag, he collected sacrifices.
Where did Snow Maiden Character come from?
The visit of the elder with the staff and the bag foreshadowed nothing more than Bed. As a rule, after his departure in the house there was a corpse. To protect the village from an undesirable visit "Santa Claus" Ancient people brought a sacrifice. This victim was a young virgin girl. It was stripped and divered into the forest in Lyut Frost, tied to the tree and left. If the day the girl frozen, it meant that the sacrifice was adopted by the Deity, he was pleased with him and his dirty.
Present this poor girl is now modern Snow Maiden. Yes, it is once frozen and covered by the corpse of the killed young girl. Now she is everywhere accompanied by Santa Claus.
As you can see, the origin of the New Year, with all its attributes: an elegant Christmas tree, Santa Claus and the Snow Maiden monstrous. It was a bloody pagan ritual with sacrifices for the malfunction of an evil deity.
Now people celebrate New Year without thinking about what the whole magic tinsel came from. But the truth of the new year is precisely. The origin of the New Year - terrible.
Salad "Bull" is preparing easily and quickly, eats at any time of the year and not only in the year of the bull !
Today, most people attach great importance to such a great holiday as New Year. And this is not surprising, because the eve of the new year is associated with gifts, frosty evenings and snow, as well as elegant Christmas tree. But if you ask your parents or grandparents with grandfather, as a new year appeared, no one really answers, because the holiday itself originated for a long time.
In many countries of the world, the New Year is considered one of the oldest holidays. It is especially loved by little children, as they expect to get some interesting gift on this day. For adults, this is a good reason to get together with your family or friends and have fun.
Where for the first time a new year appeared
There are many different theories from where the new year appeared. Someone believes that the first new year began to be celebrated in Babylon, others - that he was invented in Mesopotamia, the third - in ancient Egypt. Many historians claim that the ancient Celts began to celebrate the new year for the first time. Be that as it may, one must admit one thing: Initially, the new year was a purely pagan holiday. On this day, people gave proper evil and good spirits in which they believed, organized a walk, accompanied by food and fun.
In ancient Egypt, the new year was made to celebrate in September. It was at this time that the Nile River came out of his shores, which meant that the new agricultural season began, so important for Egyptian farmers. It was at that time that the gifts were made to give each other.
In the ancient Celts, the beginning of the winter solstice was considered the beginning of the next year. On this day, they were going on whole families in the woods in the tree, because they believed, this tree is endowed with magical power. They believed that since a spruce was an evergreen tree, then no destructive forces were lacking for her, and in him lives the spirit, which should be abandoned to have an abundant harvest next year. To drop the Spirit, people brought victims. As such, pets were chosen, which were separated, and their insides were hanging out on the branches of ate. Gradually, years later, animals were replaced by more humane offering. Spruce decorated with pieces of bread, apples and the like. A bouquet of wheat from seeds was placed on the top of the green tree to die the gods. Under the tree put the figures of people so that there were no diseases, various vegetables, so that the new year was a crop, and much more. This tradition has fixed among the people, so the Christmas tree for the new year has become an unchanged holiday symbol.
There was time, and gradually the forest fir began to transfer to warm houses, so as not to go to the cold and blurred forests. The selected fir knocked out and neatly transplanted under the roof so that the tree remains alive and did not die. The tradition of spilling spruce appeared much later. When the celebrations ended, the fir was carefully transplanted back, as they still believed that the spirit would inhabit.
How did the new year appeared in Russia
It is believed that the new year appeared in Russia thanks to the Peretra I. The king loved everything new and foreign, and his decree from 1699 ordered to celebrate the New Year on January first, as it was already installed in the Germans, so officially appeared the New Year holiday. After the death of the emperor about the celebration of the New Year, they began to be gradually forgetting, the Christmas trees were putting less and less, and that is mainly in the Peat establishments. And only in the late 1830s, King Nikolai I again revived this custom. But, as it turned out, again for a while. After eighty years, at the beginning of the First World War, the Christmas tree in Russia again removed, because they believed that these were all German traditions and did not want to have anything to do with the enemy side.
To revive the New Year and the Christmas tree was only in 1935 to the Soviet government. The author of this idea was the secretary of the Communist Party Pavel Postyyshev. He relied on the argument that earlier the New Year tree and the feast as a whole was the lot of rich families, and the children of ordinary workers could only sighing, watch this luxury only through the window. Platyshev believed that it would be fair to make the celebration of the New Year to the generally accepted holiday so that all children of the country could enjoy what was previously available only in rich bourgeois families. The initiative was supported, and thanks to this, a new year appeared in Russia and reached the present day.
Of course, modern Christmas tree, toys and other New Year's items no longer have the meaning that they were attached to people in antiquity. The customs to drop spirits have long gone in the past, and the new year has become nothing else, as the beginning of a new calendar year and a good reason to give gifts and gifts together for fun. However, the modern celebration of this celebration is very different in different countries and has its own, local traditions that are not accepted in Russia and the countries of the former USSR.
How to celebrate New Year in other countries
For example, in England, when the clock begins to beat at midnight, turn the door of the black stroke, as if releaseing the old year. Then, with the last blow, the front doors are opened and the new year has been invited to the house. In Spain, during the battle of hours, everyone needs to have time to eat twelve grape berries, in the number of months of the outgoing year.
In Scotland on New Year's Eve, marchs on the streets of the city are arranged in the New Year's Eve: lit barrels with a party in front of them. It symbolizes the "burning" of the old year and the coverage of the path for the new one. But in Vietnam, instead of the habitual trees in the house, there are small tangerine trees in the house, necessarily with bright fruits.
Italy has its own tradition: in front of the new year from all windows, people throw old and already unnecessary things and objects. Italians believe that next year must be met not only with an updated home interior, but also in new clothes. In Japan, at the first minute of the coming year, everyone is very familiar to laugh loudly. The Japanese are confident that such a cheerful laughter will certainly bring them good luck in the new year.
In India, the new year is celebrated four times throughout the year - this is the national feature. And in Cuba on December 31, water is poured into all the vessels that only have in the house. And when midnight comes, all the water begins to pour out of the windows, thus wishing the new year of light, like water, path. These are just some examples, but it seems that the new year is a very versatile holiday.
Perhaps someone will be surprised, but there are countries in which people do not celebrate the New Year at all. For example, in Saudi Arabia on January 1 reigns the usual everyday atmosphere. The same picture and in Israel. There, at this time, people also work if only this day is not Saturday. In Iran, people live in their own as a Persian calendar, and on March 21, Navruz, or a new day. From this day, there is also countdown next year, and such a picture is observed in some other Muslim countries.
However, how to celebrate the new year and whether to celebrate at all - everyone chooses himself, but told the story of the New Year holiday, you will surprise the majority of your guests.
Anyway, today it is one of the most popular holidays that many people love and are waiting for.
Video about how the new year appeared
How did the holiday "New Year" appeared, why began to celebrate him? The history of emergence in Russia and in the world
Summary of article:
It is difficult to find a person who would be indifferent to the most magical holiday - the new year. Many are preparing for him in a couple of weeks, and some particularly impatiently anticipate the aroma of Mandarins in early December. Meanwhile, tradition to rejoice in the completion of the annual cycle arose many more centuries ago in ancient civilizations.
The history of the new year
In historical chronicles, it was recorded that people sat down in honor of the completion of the old year in ancient Mesopotamia. It was approximately In the second millennium BC. e.
There is evidence that in ancient Egypt also paid attention to this holiday. Truth, Egyptians celebrated him in September .
How significant the holiday was for the civilizations in the past. In any case, it is precisely known that the new year has a pagan root. Different peoples arranged the festivities and tried to draw the various gods and spirits, so that they gave them a happy and fertile year.
The ancient remained aside Celty . By the way, they are the first to make a fir tree symbol.
Celts treated trees with great reverence and did not cut them down. They were going around fluffy beauties with families right in the forest.
Celts believed that her fir retains her green needles in winter thanks to a strong spirit that protects her from the cold. True, to drop it, it was not quite pleasant for modern people ritual. An animal was sacrificed, the belly poured him, and the insides were hanging out on branches.
Gradually, the Celtic tradition became not so bloody. Instead of animal indoors, apples and other edible delicacies for the Spirit were placed on the tree. It was from here that the tradition went to decorate the Christmas tree .
In ancient Rome, the date of folk festivities was performed for the first time - January 1. In parallel with this, the holiday was a day denoting the start of field work.
It was especially revered by the Romans in the day the God of Janus, who was brought in abundance of various sacrifices. He was a god of choice, so people hoped to conquer his favor and tried to start all important things in the New Year.
Gradually, more and more countries were established on January 1, as a day from which the New Year period should be reported. Of course, this day was immediately perceived by the people as a festive.
Faster than the solemn date passed in Venice and Sweden, but in Turkey and Greece on January 1 began to be reeded by the start of the New Year only since the beginning of the 20th century.
Interesting Facts about the holiday
There are many interesting facts associated with the New Year:
- In some nations, the new year is not so magnificent and solemnly. For example, Christmas love more in the USA. Unlike the CIS countries in which the guys receive cherished gifts on January 1, in the US, children find toys and sweets under the Christmas tree in Christmas, which is celebrated on December 25;
- In Vietnam, there is a replacement of a traditional New Year's ate. There are miniature tangerine trees on the prominent place. They can not even dress. The main thing is that they were ripe fruit;
- Eskimos believe that the new year is more correct to celebrate the day when the first snow falls;
- In Greece, the father of the family coming out of the house on New Year's Eve and smitherens breaks a juicy grenade about his wall. It is believed that scattered grains will bring good luck.
History of the New Year in Russia: briefly
This holiday in Russia was not easy fate. His founder is Petr I. Well-known love for everything European, he in 1699 issued a decree on which from January 1, the Russian people had a new year.
Already a few years after the death of Peter, the holiday coped more and less and mainly in the Pite establishments, whose visitors were interested in an excess reason for fun. To revive interest in the New Year with some success succeeded in Nicholas I.
Unfortunately, after the beginning of the First World War, they stopped the Christmas tree on Red Square. All because the enemies on the front were the Germans, from which Peter I in their time and adopted the traditions of the winter holiday.
In the 1920s, the tradition returned to dress up New Year trees for children. But already a few years later, the party top counted that the holiday is a reminder of "bourgeois remnants". After that, all official celebrations on New Year's Eve were canceled again.
Only in 1935 in the press after the unlawful approval of Stalin, articles appear that the new year should be considered as an opportunity to please all Soviet kids.
In schools and children's clubs, the Komsomol members begin to organize the fun New Year's performances. In the January issue of "Truth", Stalin's congratulation appears, addressed to all workers.
From 1970s, the New Year's traditions of Soviet citizens were replenished with another one - listening to the television appeal of the head of state. For the first time, it did Brezhnev and since then annually before the fighting of Kurantov, the Russians first listened to the speech of general secretaries, and then presidents.
Soviet New Year attributes
With New Year's holiday, the religious component is closely connected. For example, the Bethlehem star towers on the Christmas tree, and Christmas characters are placed on its branches.
Of course, after the revival of a given holiday in an atheistic state, it was decided to refuse. Therefore, the Kremlin Christmas tree for Soviet children decorated with a red five-pointed star. Instead of magical characters on a green beauty, a more landed symbolism appeared, which displaced the desires of the nearest five-year plan: toy airplanes, tractors and even tanks.
With Khrushchev, a fashion appeared to dress up the Christmas tree by the achievements of the Soviet agricultural economy: corn, swords of wheat, etc. With the beginning of the development of space, vegetable crops changed to silver miniature satellites and rockets.
Where do not celebrate New Year?
There are countries in which on the eve of January 1, there is absolutely no festive mood:
- Israel . If January 1 does not fall on Saturday, it will be a simple weekday;
- India . A country in which in some states New Year is noted at different days. For example, in Kerala locals rejoice in the arrival of the new year on April 12;
- Saudi Arabia . In one of the most conservative Muslim countries went even further. New year here under the unlawful ban. The religious police ensures that the stores do not even trade with the New Year's attribute. Of course, there is no ban on the celebration of the holiday in the family circle. Some Christians who came from other countries, even invite Muslim Friends for the New Year's Table.
The new year applies to the number of oldest holidays. Despite the fact that he has a pagan root, he gained many Christian characters (candles and crystal angels on the Christmas tree) because of their proximity to Merry Christmas.
Video: Where did New Year's traditions come from?
In this video, historian Anna Lobacheva will tell you how the traditions appeared to decorate the Christmas tree for the new year, why for this holiday they had sacrificed animals:
The history of the New Year's holiday begins before our era, when this day was called otherwise, but invested in him the same meaning as now. In our new article we describe the history of the origin of the holiday, the traditions, what changes he has undergone since the beginning of ancient times and to the present day.
Origin of the New Year holiday
The history of the New Year celebration begins with the time of Mesopotamia, about 3,000 years before our era. If the story of the new year to tell briefly, then in those distant times the residents of Mesopotamia had a tradition - to celebrate a natural awakening, the time when the leaves begin to bloom and the first flowers appear. Because of the climate of those seats, this happened in March.
This version of the New Year's origin gives an understanding of why in the modern world it is celebrated by one and a half or two weeks. In Mesopotamia, the awakening of nature meant a new stage in life, so the holiday was lasted there for 10 days, when everyone walked, rejoiced and stopped working.
The history of the celebration of the New Year in ancient Rome states that this day residents of the city were dedicated to God to Janus
, He "God of choice, doors and started." Because of his behalf, the month of January and received his name. In the history of the New Year, the fact that the holiday is celebrated on January 1, only from 153 to our era. Later Guy Julius Caesar
Approved a new calendar and finally secured a new date for the celebration. I am myself this commander, who became a cult figure for ancient Rome, was the reason that the holiday acquired the value of the start of the new year.
The history of the emergence of the new year in Russia
The history of the celebration of the New Year in Russia also has facts about the date of date. It is known that the inhabitants of Russia connected this day with baptism, so the day was entrenched - March 1. Later, there was a transfer on September 1. The story of the New Year in Russia suggests that the holiday of the holiday on September 1 is associated with the time of gathering and Dani. It continued until the beginning of the 18th century.
Back in 1699 Peter I
Which then ruled the country, issued a decree that has changed the history and traditions of the New Year in Russia. Because of making changes to the summer, the holiday was postponed by January 1. This moment the story of the New Year's origin received a new checkpoint.
Traditions who brought Peter 1
What kind of traditions of the new year became relevant for the holiday after the decree of Peter I, you can understand by reading its decree.
In the history of the European New Year in Russia, namely, the ruler was equal to Europe, the information was recorded that all houses in Moscow should be decorated, and coniferous trees should be in front of them. Also, Peter I ordered each New Year's Eve to run rockets. Moreover, "Farce" could be both ordinary people from private cannons and a military from the tools that stood in front of the Kremlin. Although it is already history, but the traditions of the New Year celebration have practically changed.
It is known that the holiday also celebrated in the days and in Germany, where the celebration lasted a whole week. Therefore, the history of the New Year in Russia, if we bring together briefly, it looks like a German. Also, Peter I did not forget about sweet gifts in his decree. This is a symbol of offering good spirits.
Holiday in Soviet times
The history of the celebration of the New Year in modern Russia begins with Soviet times, when the current government recognized the feast nationwide. But if we consider the history of the emergence of the new year in Russia from the Soviet period, then it is worth mentioning where it all began.
At first, the authorities abolished Christmas celebration: it happened at the end of the 20s of the last century. Moreover, to celebrate this day banned even those who wanted it. Special patrol detachments went through the streets and could look into the windows to find out what was happening in the house. Already in the 30s of the last century, power banned identify gifts, Santa Claus and Christmas tree with religious symbols.
If you study the history of the new year on fiction, the first mention in domestic works can be found in the story "Chuk and Gek", which dated 1939. A little later at the tables of Soviet citizens, Salad "Olivier" appeared, and mandarins became the mandatory attribute of the new year. Under the battle of the Kuranta, it is now taken to make a desire and listen on the radio appeal to the inhabitants of the country from the current government.
From the brief history of the holiday, the new year it is clear that at the time of the empire, balls were held, feasts came to the USSR. The same adhered to a number of other countries. All this was accompanied by traditional songs for the event.
In Soviet times, for the first time, the Kremlin Christmas tree was held, for which many children of the country still dream.
In the 70s, it became fashionable to associate this event with animals from the Chinese horoscope. The origin of this phenomenon and his connection with the holiday of the New Year is not explained by anything, but the tradition exists to this day. Only in the eighties, when the Soviet government gradually began to "take", American holiday symbols: deer, Santa Claus, fireplace, Decor in red-green colors and wreaths.
Russia and New Year's holiday
The history of the new year in modern Russia is not so rich in events. It is known that for the first time weekends on January 1 and 2, they declared only in the early 1990s.
Next, briefly the history of the holiday New Year in Russia can be described as follows: the segment of January 3-5 joined the weekend, then for the first week of January, he moved several additional weekends from other holidays and all this merged with Christmas.
As a result, residents of the country began to rest on 11 days in a row, and New Year and Christmas became public holidays.
old New Year
For a long time on the territory of the Soviet Union, the holiday was celebrated on the night of January 14th. This is the page of the history of the New Year in Russia, when the country lived in the Gregorian calendar or, as sometimes they say otherwise, according to the old style. Now the story of the old new year is not so relevant and the holiday is celebrated only where church church is happening on December 25 for a new style, What corresponds to January 7 in the Gregorian calendar. History of the holiday Old New Year begins since 1918, when the Gregorian calendar was adopted.
The origin of the holiday of the Old New Year is also explained by religious reasons. For church traditions, Christmas cannot go after the new year.
Also, the history of the celebration of the Old New Year in Russia appeared due to the problems of the Orthodox inhabitants of the country, which could not celebrate it during the Christmas post, implying the absence of a rich feast.
New Year's traditions in different countries of the world
In other countries there are new year traditions and the origins of the celebration of the New Year. It is worth getting acquainted with the most interesting.
- So, in the capital of Austria, every December 31, a solemn ringing of the "Bells of the World" is distributed, which is installed at the Cathedral of St. Stephen. The history of such a tradition for the holiday of the New Year appeared in the old days, when good was considered a sign of meeting a pipeline and touch him. Then the inhabitants of Vienna believed that it was good and happiness. Now Austrians give to a friend. Porcelain products: often these piggy banks in the form of pigs that bring wealth to the new owner.
New Year's Eve in Vienna
- His story of the emergence of the new year and in Argentina, which led to the fact that on the last day of each year, the residents of the country throw out old forms, calendars, statements. It does not know when for the first time this action has become massive, but every December 31st streets of the capital of Argentina covered with a layer of paper. There are such stories when people were thrown into the window something important, and then could not find it in huge bumps.
- Interesting stories from the new year in the world are taking place in Myanmar, where the last day of the calendar year is one of the hottest. Because of this, residents of the country celebrate the festival festival of water. There is a simple festival: you need to water everything around with ordinary water from any dishes. No one is offended for this, because these are the origins of the New Year in Myanmar.
New Year's Water Festival
- Also noticeable history of the new year in the world from Bulgaria, where on the eve of the holiday, each resident of the country should buy a Kizylovaya wand. This is the main attribute on December 31. Judgingly January 1, each comes to a close man and hits with him a Kiziloy stick, thereby congratulating close people with the holiday.
- There is another interesting Bulgarian tradition for the new year, the origin of which is not known. The last punch of the Kurats in the outgoing year is the moment when all light sources and 3 minutes come in the house and the kisses begin in the house instead of toast. If someone sneezes, then everyone is happy, because it is to good luck.
- The most interesting New Year traditions in Brazil, where African religiosity and European standards were mixed. On this day, on the main beach of the country, Copacabana, you can see thousands of people in white sending flowers to the sea as a symbol of worshiping gods. After that, the celebrations begins everywhere, the apogee of which is becoming a magnificent firework show. It is not exactly not remembering the story of creating this ritual for the new year, but every time it comes about a million people to see the fire that happen in the sky over Brazil. At this time, the lagoon di Freutas is decorated with the biggest floating Christmas tree, and the endless fireworks illuminates the statue of Jesus in Rio.
Statue of Jesus on New Year's Eve
Although the history of the celebration of the New Year's holiday in each country is its own, but everywhere and always this is a large-scale event that unites close people and makes them happy.
The history of the new year
Without a doubt, the new year is all a favorite holiday. Many of us are waiting for a cherished winter night, which is a kind of start of a new and improved life. However, not everyone knows the history of the origin of the holiday in a world and a state scale. Today in our article we will talk about where this holiday came from and what traditions are taken to follow in the New Year.
Origin of holiday
Each modern person knows that the New Year is celebrated on January 1. However, it was not always that way. In various historical epochs, the celebration accounted for March, September or other months. In addition, not everyone knows where the New Year's holiday came from and took away: who came up with it, from which country he came to Russia, why he began to celebrate it in winter, as this tradition was generally originated on our planet, who participated in its creation and t d.
If you delve into historical documents and data, you can note the fact that The first new year began to celebrate the residents of Mesopotamia. This event occurred about 3,000 years before our era.
It is from this country that the holiday spread and went throughout the world.
At that time, the celebration of the New Year was perceived as a kind of awakening of the environment of wildlife, which was associated with the advent of the first colors, while dissatisfied with the leaves, etc. In those days, the New Year's holiday accounted for March (which is mostly connected with the geographical and climatic characteristics of Mesopotamia ). With the revival of nature bind and the fact that Modern new year is often celebrated for a long time.
If we talk about the celebration of the New Year on the territory of ancient Rome, first of all it should be noted that the holiday was dedicated to God to Janus (it was from his behalf and takes the name of the winter month "January"). At the same time, on January 1, the new year began to celebrate only from 153 to our era. In this regard, the most important historical character is Guy Julius Caesar, who introduced a new calendar and established the final date of the celebration. Over time, the holiday began to celebrate in ancient Russia (even before Peter I).
The history of appearance in Russia
In Russia, at first, the new year was celebrated on March 1. Over time, the triumph date was postponed to September 1 (which was due to political motifs and lifting collection). Only in the XVIII century new year on the territory of modern Russia began to be celebrated (as it should be) on January 1. So, the founder of New Year's traditions in the Russian Federation is Peter I. It is thanks to his efforts in our country a new year appeared as we know it today.
Based on the decoration of the brilliant ruler, such traditions occurred as decoration of houses for the holiday, the installation of coniferous trees as essential symbols of the new year, launching fireworks, sweet gifts, etc.
Images and traditions of the new year
Until today, a variety of New Year traditions are also followed in our country and around the world. Consider some of them.
- It is important to note that New Year is considered a family holiday. That is why a large number of people seek to hold this celebration in the circle of the most relatives and loved ones. In this respect, the proverb about how to celebrate the New Year, so they will spend it.
- New Year tree - the main heroine of the holiday in many countries of the world . In addition to the Christmas tree, you can use any other coniferous tree (for example, one of the most common options is pine). This tradition occurred from a long time - then people believed that evergreen trees are symbols of life. If you live in your own house with a plot, then it is not necessary to install a spruce at home - you can decorate a tree growing on the street. In general, the Christmas tree is made to decorate various balls, tinsel, garlands, as well as candy and other sweets.
- An integral attribute of the celebration are decorations . Moreover, the traditions of home decoration may vary from family to family. So, many people make their house with bright Mishuro, others hang bright edible surprises, others - paint windows, etc. At the same time, in the modern market, you can find a large number of a wide variety of New Year accessories for every taste. If you wish, you can create suitable decorations yourself with your own hands (which in some families is also a special New Year tradition).
- On New Year's Eve to all children living on the globe, Santa Claus comes. Despite the fact that his name may vary depending on the country of residence of the kid (for example, in the United States of America, a good old man is called Santa Claus), it performs the same function on all continents - brings gifts and surprises to those children who behaved well and listened Parents throughout the past year. In addition, in the CIS countries, there is a tradition to write letters by Santa Claus, in which you can specify your wishes about gifts.
- Give gifts - another pleasant tradition for the new year. However, in contrast to other holidays, gifts for the new year are not awarded personally in hand, but stacked under the Christmas tree. After the chimes broke through, the whole family usually goes to open their presents.
In addition to the above-described traditions, the existing signs should be mentioned. They are not only in our country, but also around the world.
- For example, Residents of Vietnam It is believed that his homework in the New Year's holiday flies to the sky on the back of the fish (usually carp). In this regard, before the festival, it is customary to buy a live carp and release it to the nearby reservoir so that God can use fish as his personal transport.
- Those who live On the island of Cyprus Follow the tradition of the tradition unusual for residents of Russia. So, exactly at midnight they extinguish light in the house. Thus, they love good luck to their home for the entire next year.
- In Italy For the new year, it is customary to throw old and unnecessary things from the windows of its homes. It is important that in the process of such "cleaning" you need to be dressed in the robe of red.
- If you decide to celebrate New Year in China, In no case do not use knives, scissors or any other sharp objects. It is believed that they can "cut off" your well-being for the next year.
- In France January 1, the closest and relative and relatives are made to give a wheel, as it is a symbol of a happy new year.
Regardless of the country of residence, each hostess pays special attention to the preparation of the New Year's table. At the same time there are a variety of traditional festive dishes.
- In England At the festive table, pudding is preparing. In fact, it is a sweet dish (dessert), which is prepared using such products like flour, candied fruits, apples, nuts, etc.
- In the United States of America Festive table often decorate stuffed turkey. At the same time, each mistress necessarily has a copyright cooking recipe.
- New Year's feast in Austria and Hungary Does not do without a classic strit. At the same time, the dessert is applied in itself, but with ice cream. Traditionally, the whole composition decorate nuts and berries.
- In Japan Preparing unusual pastries called "Moti". At the same time, they are not only put on the table, but also distribute their neighbors and friends as presents.
- In Germany For a holiday, a pork steering wheel is preparing. Traditionally, it is boiled in beer and served with additional side dishes (for example, with sauerkraut or boiled potatoes).
To create a festive mood, many of us are watching movies or cartoons, and also listen to music. For example, among the popular New Year kinocartin, which have already managed to become a classic you can allocate:
- "Alone at home";
- "Irony of Fate or Enjoy Your Bath!";
- "Christmas trees";
- "Carnival Night";
- "Greench is a christmas kidnapper."
Among the cartoons are popular with such pictures as "Winter in Prostokvashino", "last year's snow" and "Nutcracker" fell. In addition, many associate a new year's offensive with such songs like Jingle Bells, Happy New Year, "Kauba there was no winter", "a Christmas tree was born in the forest" and so on.
So we were able to make sure that New Year is an international holiday. Despite the fact that in each country or even in every family there are our own traditions, each of us is looking forward to New Year's Eve to spend time with the most close over the New Year table, enjoy delicious traditional food, open gifts and see the colorful fireworks.
In addition, the tradition of setting goals for the next year is common, so that further life becomes only better and happier.
The history of the new year in the video below.
What holiday the whole world notes with special love and grandiose scope? Of course the new year! It doesn't matter if you believe in a New Year's wizard with a bag of free gifts, or not. On this day, waiting for a miracle and magic.
Where did the tradition of New Year's Eve come from? How did the new year noted before? And who first dressed up coniferous trees for a holiday - we will talk about it in this article.
New Year in the ancient world
- The first information about the celebration of the New Year, belongs to the ancient Mesopotamia. The observation was passed during the spring equinox. That is, about March 20th. So people welcomed the spring and awakening of nature. The holiday itself was dedicated to the ancient lord of the gods - Marduk.
- In Babylon, The new year was called Akita and 15 days allocated for entertainment activities. At the same time, the residents of Mesopotamia could not work. But they made rituals, they chose the ruler, and also promised the gods in order to avoid anger from heaven that next year will become better and will create good things. Nothing reminds?
- Ancient Egyptians We started the new year from autumnal equinox, around September 20th. The holiday was devoted to the spill of the mighty river Nile. Because, it was she who gave a new life to everything around. Noted magnificently and with the sacrifices of God Nile, so that he did not bother on the harvest. By the way, it was the Egyptians that were invented to wear beautiful outfits in the New Year, arrange night fun with music and dancing, as well as make each other gifts.
The main role in the fate of the New Year played the famous ruler Guy Julius Caesar
The Roman Empire was used to living in the lunar cycle and the beginning of the year, which consisted of 10 months, celebrated in March. But in the 6th centuries, the calendar is wildly outdated. He did not always correspond to the time of year! And Caesar decided to change everything. Astronomers convinced the commander that it was necessary to live in a sunny year, which was designed for 365 with a quarter of days.
Boldly adding 67 days to the current year, Caesar presented the world Julian calendar and the date of the New Year. So the tradition firmly fixed over January. The 1st number was not chosen by chance. It was on this day that Consul Rimma took care of.
The naming of the month of January is also symbolic! He was named after Janus - God of ways and began. The deity was depicted with two persons: one looks in the past, and the other is drawn to the future. The perfect symbol of the new year.
But in the 5th century, the fall of Rome passed everything again. The people of Middle Ages were very religious! Many Christian countries changed the calendar and the New Year became the 25th of December, now Catholic Christmas. And sometimes the holiday is generally set at the end of March, or at Easter. But from gifts, people did not refuse and tied it with the gifts of the magicians who presented the child Jesus.
When celebrated New Year in Russia, Before her baptism, it is definitely not known. But as soon as New Soulship came from Byzantium - Julian calendar, the chief Russian holiday appointed to the 1st of March. And later, the beginning of the year was moved to the 1st of September.
By the 16th century, Due to the inaccuracies of calendar calculations, the year has become longer for 10 days. And in general, there was not enough feelings of order. It was necessary to take something. For the case, Pope of Roman Grigory 13th took. Under his leadership, astronomers created a new Gregorian calendar.
From now on, the year was 365 days and one additional every 4 years. Along the way, the celebration of the New Year was returned to the 1st of January.
New year in Russia
In Russia, New Year's Eve from December 31, the 1st of January stepped on the maintenance and wants of Emperor Peter 1st. So he opened the window even more to Europe. But Russia accepted the tradition not to the end. Due to disagreement with the church, they did not enter the new summer, so the Russian New Year celebrated for 11 days later than European countries. Later, the difference was added to 13 days and now in Russia there is an old new year. As the saying goes: "There are no many holidays."
Petr 1st personally closely followed the New Year's fun to pass with a scope. He allocated 7 days on them and ordered the ricers to decorate yards and trees around. And the poor, at least a sprig of firing, or pine, hang over the gate.
In honor of the new year, the bonfires were paled, the folk festivities arranged, and in the dark heaven, the colorful fireworks flashed.
The full queen of the winter holidays - the Christmas tree became in the 19th century, though from the beginning she was associated with Christmas. Always a green tree for the public installed in one of the parks of St. Petersburg. Soft trees decorated, at first, nuts, sweets, flowers, ribbons and even fruit. Have seen a Christmas tree with grapes on a branch? And they were!
Then, homemade toys added to edible decorations. Wax candles and beloved by all garlands. All that was on the branches of the tree and under her, was considered gifts.
New Year in the USSR
In the USSR, for some time they dealt with the Christmas tree. The Bolsheviks condemned the Dyokov device. And Christmas and New Year in general have become ordinary working days, because they were considered the remnant of the past and the symbol of the bourgeoisie.
They appeared, even, specially appointed responsible comrades who went on apartments and checked: Does anyone have an elegant tree?
Fortunately, the ban on New Year's traditions lasted not long and coniferous beauty returned as a symbol of the new year. But this was not the main event: children and adults first saw the good wizard of Santa Claus. He imagined a bunch of different characters. For example, the Council of the Olympus was represented by frost as a low old old-gray beard and a harsh temper.
Then there was a marrow - God of deception. And also, the Lady of the Lutsk cold, who turned people into the grandfather. But this stern grandfather did a century since the century and turned into a generous frost Ivanovich, as the wizard called in fairy tales.
But the ability to give gifts, Santa Claus inherited from the European ancestor - St. Nicholas (and in our: Saint Nicholas), who helped worked good deeds. The image of the wizard elegantly added a long beard, a warm fur coat, staff and boots.
Very soon, Grandfather Frost acquired his granddaughter in the Snow Maiden and together they are still considered a symbol of the New Year holiday.
In the middle of the 20th century, the new year becomes a company holiday. Now meet midnight started not only with family, but also surrounded by a noisy company. Organizations of the plant and the club of the Soviet Union, this approach also approved and arranged for the fellow workers of Christmas-masquerades. Here they are the ancestors of thickening modern corporate events.
Immediately the traditional New Year's dishes were determined, like Olivier, Kholda and the Searer under the fur coat. But the children dreamed of getting to the main Christmas tree of the country, which they began to be held annually and where the best schoolchildren and students from all over the USSR were invited. The holiday was so popular that the broadcast of the Christmas tree was conducted on the radio, and in the newspapers on the first lanes published detailed reports.
One of the newest traditions of the New Year in Russia is the appeal of the head of state to the residents of the country. For the first time, it sounded on television on December 31, 1970, on behalf of Leonid Brezhnev.
And in the USSR, get new ideas for decorating Christmas trees and apartments. Instead of the Bethlehem star, on the top of the coniferous tree, the red five-pointed red. Candles and remained only on the table. And instead of candies and homemade, fir branches began to decorate bright glass and wooden toys in the form of cosmonauts, planets, etc.
Today, the new year where you just do not meet!
At home, on a noisy party, on the central square with hundreds of other people, in warm edges among the palm trees, but still the New Year's traditions that our ancestors prevented us anywhere else! We also diligently make the cherished desires, we consider to twelve blows, raise the ribs of champagne, have fun, we are writing in notebooks, or on the pages of social networks, hundreds of cases and promises for the next year and believe that everything will come true.