Let's talk about verses and poetic sizes.
My nephew to the question about the size of the poem answered me somehow: "Six-eight centimeters." The answer is true essentially, but unfortunately, not related to literature. About the "Pushkin Yamb" heard almost all, "Korea" and "Anapest" - vaguely familiar words, but what lies behind them? And how to quickly determine the size of the poem? Let's deal with!
Loved Zoya Citizen
who can't love
Schudova pages fifteen
Successful zoic poems
Under it a jet of light lazuries,
Above him ray of the sun Golden ...
And he, rebellious, asks the storm,
As if there are peace in the storms!
Citizen of a second-rate era, proudly
I recognize the second grade
your best thoughts and days of coming
I give them as an experience in the fight against choking.
What is common to all these passages? They have rhymes (even for poems it is not at all necessary), and they are melodious in their own way. If you read them out loud, you will feel the rhythm of sound.
Even who does not make sense of text written in the correct rhythm, it sounds harmonious. Try, for example, loud read the following "poem":
Full nonsense, but reminds the poems of Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky, right? This is because we took advantage of the rhythm of one very famous poem. What - you will learn at the end of the article, although certainly already guessed. Mayakovsky himself, by the way, the services of traditional poetic sizes resorted very rarely, preferring accent verse.
We turn to the point. The definition of the poetic size is a complex and vigorny thing, so I will teach you to do it unconventional and much easier way, just with the help of rhythm. But first a little theory. Follow patience.
We will need two definitions.
Stop is a group of syllables, one of which is shock, the remaining unstressed. Stop - a kind of smallest indivisible unit of verse, a kind of "atom".
The poetic size is a way to sound a verse, the rhythmic form of the poem.
The poetic dimensions are very different, but we will consider two very popular in Russian poetry. These are double sizes:
- Yamb - Double Size with an emphasis on the last syllable in the foot (this is an unstressed syllable + shock syllable).
- Khorean is a two-way size with an emphasis on the first syllable in the foot (shock syllable + unstressed syllable).
We will select the footsteps of these sizes "Word-Indicators":
For Yamba, it will be the word "case" - emphasis on the second syllable, the word is doubled, like the size.
For Khorora "Mom" - emphasis on the first syllable, the word is doubled, as is the size.
How do we understand what size is written by this passage of the poem from Evgenia Onegin A. S. Pushkin, not counting the syllables and not expressing the stress?
"High passion without having
For sounds of life do not spare
He could not Yamba from Chorea,
How we beat, distinguish "
Substitute under the first line "Word-Indicators":
High passion without having,
Mom Mom Mom Mom
Sounds harmonious? Not at all. So it is not a hoore.
High passion without having,
Causes, Causes, Cases
Coincides with rhythm? Yes. This is a yamb. We used the Namba Stop (the word "case") 4 times is a four-stranded yamb.
Let's try again, now we have in the example the poem M.Yu. Lermontov:
"I go out alone on the road;
Through the mob of a silicon path glitters;
Night quiet. Desert ENGLIST GOD,
And the star with the star says "
I go out alone on the road;
Mom Mom Mom Moma Ma
The last one, the fifth "mother" is cut off, but nevertheless, the rhythmics coincides and this is a fiverupt door. Once again.
The poem "Pie" from the beginning of the article is an example of modern network poetry, which is subordinate to its rules. Lack of capital letters, punctuation marks and strictly defined poetic size. Let's find out what.
Loved Zoya Citizen
Mom Mom Mom Mom
Yes, it is a four-stranded kernel. Here you have learned to distinguish the yamb from the chorea!
* A "digital poem" is written in the rhythm of the poem "Poems about the Soviet passport".
Special author Ismart: Belova Kira Valerievna, Journalist, author "What? Where? When?" and "your game" on humanitarian topics
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How to identify yamb and kerity
Jamb and Korea are poetic dimensions. Double, because they consist of two syllables, one of which falls emphasis. In Jamba, emphasis falls on the second syllable, in the desire - for the first one. The shock and unstressed syllable form a foot.
You will need
- - paper,
- - pen or pencil;
- - Poem for analysis.
Yamb and Korea are doubled, the simplest, poetic sizes. Namechorea
It happened from Greekthe words
"Dance",origin of the word
"Yamb" attributes to the same musical instrument. Both sizes are energetic thanks to the rhythmic alternation of shock and unstressedSlogs
. Yamb and Korea can often be found in a song genre.
Korera - poetic poetic size with an emphasis on the firstSlog
. Take some work to disarm. For example, all the well-known lines A. S. Pushkin: "Autumn Mole of the Heaven Croins ...".
Establish in the entire analyzed text of the stress. Schematically mark the shock and unaware syllables. Percussion designate!, Untented -. See what happened :! -! -! -! -.
Note the pattern, on which syllable constantly falls the emphasis. In the doublest stop there should be only one percussion syllable, it is the order of shock syllables that forms size. Two is the size of the size of two syllables one percussion. In the burrow, the emphasis is always falling on an odd syllable, in the partitioned line - on 1, 3, 5, 7 syllable.
Note that ideally selected words from two syllables are rare. Therefore, it is possible to meet with a phenomenon characteristic of double sizes as pyrrhias - a lightweight foot, where the emphasis does not fall on any syllable. To determine the size of the poem where pyrrhius met, you need to put the strokes in several lines and already make a conclusion about the amount.
For example, the words of the song Yu. Shevchuk: "What is autumn is the sky, // crying the sky under the legs." Strengths form such a scheme :! -! -! -! -! - //! - -! - -! -. In the second line, pyrical pyrical is 2 and 4 stop.
Yamb is a doublest foot with an emphasis on the second syllable. In the string of strokes always fall on even syllables - 2, 4, 6, 8. An excerpt may serve as an excerpt from Evgenia Onegin: "I am writing you, what is more like, // What can I say?".
Establish in the words of stress and schematically depict the drums and unattop symbols: -! -! -! -! -. Emphasis always falls on even syllables: 2, 4, 6, 8.
To conclude the size of the poem, it is necessary to analyze the strokes in several lines.
Rows Write strictly one to another so that the first syllable of the first line corresponds to the first syllable of the second line, the second syllable is strictly under the second and so on.
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