Common and non-prolonged sentences - examples and rule (grade 5, Russian)

Common and non-prolonged sentences

The syntactic system of the Russian language is quite complicated. All simple suggestions in it are divided into common and unprofitable. This topic is studied in the lesson of the Russian language in grade 5, and it is very important to understand it.

Common and non-prolonged sentences: what it means

Such a classification of syntactic units is based on a simple principle: there are secondary members in the proposal or not. So, a non-prolonged proposal is that there is only subject to both the subject, that is, the basis. "I go." - The easiest example of an unpropered supply, in which there is only the main members.

If the offer consists of only one of the main member - it does not matter to be or tamed, then it also applies to the category of unpropranted: rain. Frowning. That is, single-part offers without minor members - always unprosted.

As for common proposals, these are those in which, in addition to the main members of the sentence, there are secondary (namely, the addition, definition and circumstance).

For example: In the forest there was heavy rain.

How to distinguish a common offer from unpropered?

Everything is quite simple. First of all, it is necessary to find a grammatical foundation in the proposal - it may be subject to, and the lean, and maybe only one of the main members. If after it underscores in the proposal there is no other significant words (prepositions, unions and interjections are not considered), then it is definitely unprosted. If other significant words, to which you can ask questions from the basis, is, the considered syntax unit relates to the category of common offers.

The easiest way to explain is on the examples of a common and unpropered offer.

So, in the syntactic unit "Forest burned" There is subject to "forest" And led away "Burned" . No other words, it means that it is a non-prolonged sentence.

But another example: "Spring Forest was filled with smells." Oblighing it, you can except the basis "Forest filled" Detect still definition "spring" and supplement "Smells" . The presence of these members of the sentence, which relate to the category of secondary, indicates that the syntax unit is common.

If in the sentence, except the grammatical foundation, there are also introductory words or phrases, then it is still not involved. This simple rule is based on the fact that the introductory words (and also phrases) are not any members of the sentence, and therefore cannot dissect it.

Proposals may have a completely identical grammatical basis, but the presence or absence of secondary members immediately spreads them in different categories.

What did we know?

In Russian, there is a classification of proposals depending on whether they have secondary members or not. Unprosparable are called such that have only a grammatical basis (and it can consist of both of the two main members and only one). The common, in contrast to them, also includes secondary members - all three, that is, the addition, the circumstance and definition, or only some. Single-maintenance offers (such in which only one major member is included in the grammatical framework) can be common if there are secondary members relating to the main or to each other. Offers with grammatical basis and introductory words, but without minor members, are unprosted.

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A common and non-prolonged proposal differ in the presence or absence of secondary members. We learn what a common and unpropered offer in Russian and give examples.

The syntactic analysis of the sentence indicates its appearance:

  • by intonation (narrative, questioning, motivating);
  • According to emotional color (exclamation or non-visible);
  • according to the presence of major members (single-maintenance or twisted);
  • According to the presence or absence of secondary sentences.

An important syntactic characteristic of the proposal is the presence or lack of secondary sentences. In this regard, the syntax of the Russian language distinguishes non-prolonged and common offers.

Common and non-proliferated offers

Non-prolonged sentence

In a simple offer, only the main members of the sentence can be.

Yenisei was noisy and noisy (V. Astafiev)

In this sentence, the main member of the proposal subject "Yenisei" explains the other major dick - failed "All noisy and noisy" ("everything" - Particle).

This proposal consists only of the grammatical basis, and therefore is not involved. It has no other members of the proposal belonging to the subject or faith.


The proposal consisting only of the main members is called non-prolonged.

Examples of non-proliferated proposals from fiction

Was night . All over the forest cracked frost (V. Kataev).

A business it was like this . Carefully and diligently walked Bim on the meadow of the meadow, looking for scattered cheese ... (Tropolsky).

it Fasured tradition (K. POUST).

Light Flowers . Not long (N. Sladkov).

Evening was warm and quiet (N. Sladkov).

Student was impatient . Five minutes - small time (M. Alekseev).

Flared up Dawn. . Sinyan in the East was replaced by a Baghogoma, similar to the smoke of a fire (K. Powesta).

Morning It was bright, sunny, but Cool (Squretsky).

Common and unpropered offer

Completed offer

If the proposal is at least one secondary member, such a proposal is called common.

Since morning gone snow (T. Tess).

Walked when? - since morning (circumstance).

we slept (What?) Furnaces (K. Powesty).

A common offer consists of main and secondary members.

In a quiet day Split between trees Yellow Music (V. Peskov).

Secondary members belong to or subject to, or to a legend, as well as to other secondary members.


Members of the proposals that explain the main or other members of the sentence are called secondary.

To secondary members belong

  • Definition
  • Supplement
  • circumstance.

Definition - secondary sentence sentence


- This is a minor member of the sentence that means a sign of the subject and answers questions What? whose?

Warm The breeze is closed by Spacious Gate. My sailor Suite and tickles the body (A. Novikov-surf).

What is a definition

As part of the sentence, we indicate agreed and inconsistent definitions.

The agreed definitions are expressed by the names of adjective, pronouns, ordinal numerical and communions, which coincide among the relationship and the case with a defined word.

Infinite definitions are expressed by nouns in an indirect case, infinitive, infinitive, and other parts of speech.

Supplement - secondary sentence term

Supplement explains the lean.


- This is a secondary member of the sentence that refers to the subject and answers questions of indirect cases: who? what? who? What? what? by whom? than? O Com? about what?

I remember (what?) Forests, lakes, parks and sky (K. POUST).


Distinguish direct and indirect addition. Direct addition, designated by nouns (pronoun) in a vinate (Parental) case without a pretext depends on the fag-pronounced transition verb:

  • I write what? story.
  • I drank (what?) Morse.

Nouns in the form of other cases with a pretext and without it are indirect add-ons:

  • proud of (what?) Homeland;
  • I remember (what?) About the sea.

Circumstance - secondary sentence sentence

The circumstance, as well as the addition, in the sentence belongs to the composition of the fant.


- This is a secondary member of the sentence, which means a sign, the quality of action, its condition or condition.

Circumstances are of different species and answers questions: as? when? where to? where? what for? Why? With what condition?

Twilight (where?) in the forest Compass (as?) Suddenly (when?) early (V. Arsenyev).


Circumstances are expressed in different ways:

I (when?) and earlier went (where to?) in the forest (for what purpose?) walk (V. Soloohin).

Examples of common proposals from fiction

But even higher was the sky, all filled with stars (V. Kataev).

In the water itself, innocent blue forget-me-notes (K. Powhovsky) appeared in large ohaphips.

The deep forest ditch to the very edges was filled with quick turbid water (I. Sokolov-Mikitov).

Possessing an extraordinary memory, Pushkin has already been well familiar with French literature (A. Hessen).

I became a pleasure with a dining room with an excellent cool meal (V. Kataev).

Something through the threads of the trees flashed silver threads of forest streams (A. Kubrin).

I barely dragge from the fatigue of the leg and knocking off from the inconspicuous number of mosquitoes, I climbed to the hill and looked around (Squetry).

Video Tutorial "Russian language 3 class. Proposals common and non-prolonged "

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