Choosing an exhaust for the kitchen: detailed instructions + 15 main criteria + top best models in price category

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The cooking process is inevitably associated with the appearance of specific smells in the surrounding air. Fat, soot and gas combustion products are left on furniture, walls, surfaces of kitchen equipment a very inesthetical flare and harm to health, falling into the blood through a lung person. Significantly reduce the harm from pollution and keep your kitchen space in cleanliness will help the competent selection of high-quality hoods in the kitchen.

Principle of exhaust work

The kitchen hood (kitchen umbrella) is designed to effectively remove and clean the contaminated air that appears in the cooking process. In addition, all modern models are perfectly coping with the local lighting of the working area, and in addition to their basic functions, are among the most important interior items of kitchen space.

The classic kitchen umbrella is a design, inside which the fan is installed, sucking into the device air from the cooking area. Next, polluted air passes through the filter system in which the fat, soot, burning, evaporation and smell products are settled.

Types of Extrazhkov

To date, the domestic market offers the consumer two types of exhaust devices: flow and circulating. Depending on the type of device, already purified air masses through a uniform ventilation system are thrown into the atmosphere (flowing), or returned back to the room (circulating type).

The advantages of flowing hoods in their high performance, which, by the way, is very dependent on the quality of the ventilation system at home.

The disadvantage is quite complicated installation and Mandatory organization of the inflow of fresh air in the required amount.

The advantages of the "kitchen umbrellas" of circulating type in ease of installation, the absence of air ducts and connections to the general ventilation system.

The disadvantage can be considered mediocre performance and the high cost of consumables.

Important! When working in flow hoods in the kitchen there is a slight discharge. In the region of low pressure (according to the laws of physics), air masses from other premises are rushed, including from the toilet. Without a competently organized inflow of fresh air, the air will be delayed in the kitchen from the ventilation of the bathroom with the smells of the sewage of the entire entrance.

To date, almost all models of exhaust kitchen umbrellas are available in six versions of the case design. Consider each of them in more detail.

Suspended

Suspended exhaust umbrellas are only circulating type (do not require connecting to the ventilation system). They are attached to the wall directly above the cooking panel. The perfect choice for small kitchens.

Dignity :

  • Low cost in comparison with other types of similar devices;
  • Simple installation.

disadvantages :

  • Low performance.
Suspended exhaust

Dome

Dome or therapy are made in the form of an umbrella, which is "wide side" is located directly above the cooking surface, and "narrow", goes into the ventilation system. Dome is attached to the wall. The air duct is mounted on the dome and to the "ventilation window" or is given directly beyond the space.

Dignity :

  • aesthetic design;
  • high performance.

disadvantages :

  • The need for adjustment of supply ventilation.
Dome hood

Embedded

Built-in equipment is mounted inside the kitchen cabinet. Such a shape of the housing allows you to hide the entire design of the drawing, leaving "in front of" only an attractive front panel with controls. An excellent option for those who are "extra design" does not want to spoil the interior of the room.

Dignity :

  • Does not take place.
  • Does not spoil the interior.

disadvantages :

  • It has a higher cost.
  • Requires skills when installing.
Built-in exhaust

Domino

Some of the most modern design options that are installed inside the countertops (directly near the cooking surface) and "leaves" from it when the slab is turned on. Very convenient option for small-sized kitchens.

Dignity :

  • Compactness.
  • Spectacular design.

disadvantages :

  • High price.
  • The complexity of the installation.
  • Low Kpd. .
Domino exhaust

Island

This type of equipment is a classic kitchen umbrella with a ceiling mount. The best option for cleaning the air above the kitchen "island" or a separate stove.

Dignity :

  • High performance.
  • Large selection of designer solutions.

disadvantages :

  • Mounting complexity.
  • High price.
  • Improving sizes
Hood is an island

Models with extended panel

The retractable extractor or slider in the folded state has minimal dimensions. When operating from the main body, an additional panel is put forward, which overlaps the entire perimeter of the hob. Such a design can be a flow or circulation type. The perfect option in case of space deficiency.

Dignity :

  • Significant saving place.
  • Good functionality.
  • High performance.
  • Fits almost any interior.

The disadvantage can be considered a high cost.

Hood with extending panel

Basic criteria for choosing an exhaust for kitchen

How to choose a good kitchen hood? Next, consider what to pay attention to when selecting the device.

Aesthetic indicators

The first rule in the choice of hood for the kitchen is as follows: The type of device should be approached by the interior of the kitchen space.

Suspended and embedded models, Domino retractable systems do not have an air duct, do not require connecting to the ventilation system and do not close the wall area in front of the cooking panel. Such models fit perfectly into the interior even the most small kitchen.

If you have become the owner of a kitchen-living room with a separate kitchen island, then you need to pick a suspension device with a ceiling mount, the benefit of the choice of colors, shapes and sizes is just huge.

Dome models, today, one of the most popular among the domestic consumer. Despite some massiveness, they fit perfectly in the kitchen, thanks to the variety of design solutions such devices.

Filtration system

Today, almost all modern exhaust umbrellas (regardless of the model and type) are equipped with a filtration system. Classify the filtering system by the following features:

By type of filtering system

Depending on the type and design, modern exhaust umbrellas can be:

  1. Single-stage.
  2. Two-stage.

The first are equipped with only one coarse filter, which captures the fat particles from the air flow. The second is equipped with two-level cleaning, which may include two or three filters.

Filters of the first level

Represent a cassette with several layers of filtering material. Depending on the "filling" of the first level filter elements, may be:

  • Acrylic.
  • Metal.

The first are made in the form of a grid of a synthetic material that can be washed after use. The second, represent metal grids of reusable, which are cleaned as it is contaminated by the usual detergent solution ..

Second level filters

This type of filter elements is designed to remove unpleasant odors from the air. Most often, coal acts as an active substance in such elements. A classic coal filter for a kitchen umbrella consists of a plastic housing filled with coal powder or granules. These elements are widely used in circulating exhaust umbrellas.

Important! Coal filters are elements of one-time use. After contamination, they are disposed of and replaced with new ones.

Filter that protects the ventilation shaft

During cooking in the air, suspended particles of fat and soot are necessarily present, which are deposited on the fan blades, the inner surfaces of the exhaust umbrella and the ventilation mines. When mixed with dust, the fatty flaw can derive the equipment, and over time and significantly reduce the section of the ventilation channel.

To protect against such an impact, modern manufacturers have provided fat filters in exhaust devices that may be:

  • Metal filters are made of galvanized and stainless steel, aluminum. They belong to filter elements many one-time use;
  • Acrylic also perfectly tolerate "washing" in a warm soap solution. Experts recommend cleaning reusable fat filters at least 1 time per month;
  • Synthetic elements are made of syntheps, phlizelin and even paper. They are not cleaned and replaced with new as pollution. The indicator serves special pictograms on the element housing.
Coal filter - installation

Power and device performance

How to choose the power of the kitchen exhaust? The power of the kitchen exhaust device depends on the type of engine, lighting, etc. As a rule, the power consumption of exhaust umbrellas is not beyond the framework of the permissible load on the power supply.

Most of the consumer concerns productivity. In other words, how much air pumps the device per unit of time? Calculate the required amount is very simple: the area is needed to multiply the ceilings to the height and the multiple of air exchange, equal to 12. This calculation will show the necessary performance of the device specifically for your kitchen.

The formula itself looks like this:

Q = S * H ​​* 12, where:

Q is the performance of the exhaust unit, M3 / h;

S - Kitchen Square M2;

H - the height of the room;

12 - the multiplicity of air exchange.

Example. For the kitchen, with an area of ​​12 m2 and the height of the ceilings 2, 5 m, the exhaust umbrella is required by the capacity (12 × 2.5) x 12 = 360 m3 / h.

Important! To reduce the load on the device and extend the service life, experts are recommended to increase the resulting value by 15-20%, making a reserve by productivity.

Material

How to correctly choose an inexpensive exhaust to the kitchen so that it practically did not require care? The frequency of maintenance and cost depends on the material used in the manufacture of a kitchen umbrella.

Today, the domestic market shows an exhaust:

  • aluminum;
  • plastic;
  • stainless steel;
  • from enameled steel;
  • from tempered glass.

The most popular kitchen umbrellas are aluminum and plastic products. They are lungs, have an attractive appearance and low cost. However, without a special coating, aluminum is strongly oxidized, which makes care for such a device is extremely difficult. Plastic models are not bad, but over time they can get yellow.

Kitchen umbrellas made of stainless steel look more stylish. This material of racks to corrosion and does not react with detergents and aggressive fluids. However, even the smallest scratches are visible on the surface of the stainless steel. Enameled becoming much cheaper than stainless steel, although not inferior to it in corrosion resistance. The only minus is enamel that does not tolerate sudden temperature drops.

Kitchen umbrellas made of tempered glass are the most expensive and demanding of the most careful care.

From enameled steel
Stainless steel
Strained glass

Fans and their power

At the heart of the work of all kitchen umbrellas, the simple fan design is laid: an impeller with blades with blades is fixed on the motor shaft, which, when rotating, pumps air masses. Today, manufacturers are equipped with their models with fans of the following types:

  1. Axial (axial). Most often apply in low-cost ventilation plants. The principle of operation is based on the movement of air along the axis of rotation of the impeller. Compared to other types of similar equipment have high aerodynamic characteristics, and as a result, high Kpd. .
  2. Radial (centrifugal). Unlike axial, they have spiral blades. The peculiarity of such devices is perpendicular to the direction of the blown air flow relative to the drawn. Such a design allows you to use them as efficiently for air ducts of a complex configuration.
  3. Diametral . In such fans, the air moves along the impeller. Despite the small diameter, the drum with blades can supply large volumes of air. That is why this type of fans found an application in small ventilation plants.
  4. Diagonal . Hybrid axial and centrifugal fan. This design allows you to get high performance at the expense of centrifugal force. Diagonal fans are distinguished by small size and smallest noise level.
  5. Two-speed . Work in two modes: half of the power; 100% power. Apply in most exhaust devices of the budget and medium price segment.
  6. Four-speed . Work in four modes: 25; fifty; 75 and 100% power. Allow you to make the most accurately adjust the necessary performance of the device.

Exhaust size

One of the subtleties of the right choice of drawing for the kitchen is to competently select the dimensions of the device. Today, you can find installations with dimensions:

The selection algorithm is as follows: The exhaust width must exceed the width of the hob. Only in this case, it will most effectively absorb all evaporation, fat and smells inherent in the preparation of certain products. It is allowed to install an umbrella of one size with a cooking panel.

Device management type

Modern kitchen exhaust installation is a high-tech device equipped with a control panel brought to the outer part of the case. Hood control can be:

  • sensory;
  • button;
  • Slider (slider);
  • pseudo-axis.

Sensory control is convenient because you do not need to make any effort to change the device mode. Moving a slider (slider) The user selects the sector that corresponds to a specific program or function.

Button control is the most common. In such a control panel, each button corresponds to a strictly defined function.

Pseudo-seensory control is a hybrid of the sensor and buttons. There are buttons under each function, but the principle of their work, like the sensory.

Management type

Noise

Power, size and shape of the fan blades determine performance, and as a result, noise of the exhaust device. Pay attention to the sound pressure level (noise) device. The sound, the size of 40 dB is similar to human speech, but 60 dB is already a sufficiently loud noise, audible at a distance of 1 meter.

Tip! Choose a device with sound power level no more than 50 dB. In the description of the model, the maximum sound pressure is indicated.

Extra options

When choosing a kitchen umbrella, you should pay attention to the presence of additional options.

  1. Interval fan switching on Provides short-term power on the device at minimum revolutions at regular intervals. Thus, automatic air purification of the kitchen space will occur in the most economical mode.
  2. Residual move The fan gives the opportunity to clean the air. In other words, after disconnecting the blade will be rotated for some time.
  3. Automatic speed change . The sensor responds to a change in air density and independently adjusts the installation performance.
  4. Emergency Indication Shows when you should change the filter.
  5. Remote control . The presence of such a function will significantly simplify the management of the device from other premises.
  6. Timer Turning on and off will allow you to start or stop the device at a specified time.
  7. Lighting . On sale presented air purifiers for the kitchen, which are installed as lighting instruments:
  • halogen type lamps;
  • incandescent lamps;
  • Luminescent lighting.

Incandescent lamps are usually equipped with budgetary devices. Such lighting is characterized by a soft, warm glow, creating a pleasant, cozy atmosphere in the kitchen. The disadvantages of such illumination should include high energy consumption and briefness. Halogen illumination is the most common in modern exhaust devices. In essence, the "halogen" is an advanced incandescent lamp, but more economical and durable.

Tip! If you want the dish to look like most naturally, then you should not use fluorescent lighting, it will distort the shades.

Recently, air purifiers with LED lamps appeared on sale. LED lamps are distinguished by durability. The service life can reach 50 thousand hours. Installations with such lighting are not only the most prestigious, but also more expensive.

Rating of the best manufacturers

Before making the purchase of a kitchen air cleaner, experts recommend to familiarize themselves with the ranking of the most popular models of the price segment suitable for you.

Most of our compatriots prefer such brands like Siemens, Bosch, Kronasteel, Hansa, Gorenje, Elikor, Samsung. They successfully combine high quality, reliability, available cost and attractive appearance of products.

Budget models

Gorenje DU5345W

This model is recognized as one of the best outboard air cleaners, which will look great on a small kitchen. Productivity - 300 m3 / h. Two-stage filtration system, three axial fan operation modes, bright halogen backlight. Completed with aluminum fat and coal filters. Management type - push-button.

Advantages:

  • Available cost.
  • Easy installation.
  • Small weight.

Disadvantages:

Elikor Integra 60.

Elikor Integra 60 is considered one of the most inexpensive among the built-in models. The device perfectly copes with the tasks in the kitchens of the midline. A feature of this device is the ability to work in circulating (without connecting to ventilation) and in flow modes (with a tap into the ventilation system). Productivity - 400 m3 / h. Two speeds, fat filter. Illumination of incandescent lamps. Type control - push-button.

Advantages:

  • Available cost.
  • Easy installation.
  • Simple control.
  • Low noise level 52 dB with peak load.

Disadvantages:

Middle price segment

Candy CBT 6130 x

Despite the relatively low cost, this embedded model is one of the most inexpensive average price segments. Productivity - 200 m3 / h makes it easy to cope with air cleaning on a small kitchen.

Features: Two engines; The ability to operate in two modes, two-stage filtering system, three speeds of rotation of the fan blades. Halogen backlight. Type control button. Completed with a fat and coal filter.

Advantages:

  • Available cost.
  • Not bad functionality.
  • Low noise (42 dB).

Disadvantages:

  • Comparatively low performance.
  • Short network cable.
Zigmund Shtain K 003.51

Hood Zigmund Shtain K 003.51 is characterized by a high level of performance of 1000 m3 / h. 50 cm width allows you to easily place the device in small kitchens. Features: Ability to work in two modes (removal / recycling); 3 speeds, fat filter, lighting incandescent lamps. Button control makes this model as simple as possible in everyday use.

Advantages:

  • Excellent performance.
  • Provided anti-radical valve.
  • High quality assembly.
  • Low (for such performance) Noise level 56 dB.

Disadvantages:

  • Single-stage filtering system.

Premium models

Hansa OKC 6726 IH

Hansa OKC 6726 IH is a modern dome-type air cleaner, which will fit into the design of any kitchen thanks to bright design. Width - 60 cm. Production - 62 m3 / h. Features and functionality: two modes of operation (ventilation / absorbator); 3 speeds, shutdown timer. Illumination 2 incandescent lamps.

Advantages:

  • Modern design.
  • Good performance.
  • Low noise (in peak load 53 dB.).

Disadvantages:

  • Included only one fat filter comes.
Bosch DFS 067K50.

Products of this brand have earned a reputation as a reliable manufacturer of high-quality household appliances. According to reviews, the built-in kitchen air cleaner Bosch DFS 067K50 has the best, today, value for money. The device is equipped with a steel case with a width of 60 cm. Productivity 700 m3 / h. Three modes of operation (discharge / circulation / intense); 4 speeds; Control sensory. Cleaning system: fat filter with contamination indicator and the ability to install the active filter element. The device is equipped with a timer and LED backlight.

Advantages:

  • Quality of execution;
  • Functionality;
  • Low noise;

The disadvantage can be considered a high cost.

Tips for choosing

As a conclusion, we want to pay attention to how to choose the right and reliable kitchen hood. Before purchasing, focus on the following positions:

  1. Filters. There may be disposable and reusable. The more filters, the higher the cleaning quality and the cost of the device.
  2. Exterior drawing and installation method. Pick the model appropriate room design.
  3. The power and productivity of the fans should cover the necessary air exchange in the kitchen.
  4. Control Panel. It happens sensory, push-button and slider. It is more convenient to use the sensor, the buttons are easier and cheaper.
  5. The size of the household appliance must be somewhat more or equal to the hob.
  6. Additional functions simplify the operation of the air cleaner, and significantly increase its value.
  7. Noise. Above performance - more noise.

According to experts, if you follow these recommendations, you can save a mass of time, tools and strength to find a suitable model of the air cleaner for you.

Watch the video on how to choose a hood

To deliciously feed your family, you have to fry a lot, cook and bake. But besides the mountain of dirty dishes, there are still troubles in the process: sharp smells, increased humidity and yellowed ceilings from evaporation. How to choose a hood for a kitchen that will save from these troubles and will decorate, let's talk in this article.

What do you pay attention to

In order to determine the specific model, you need to produce some calculations and clarify the design options. But do not be afraid. Not everything is so difficult, as it seems. Now we will understand in gradually in all subtleties.

Principle of operation

By the method of removing unpleasant odors and the hood of the hoods are:

Fans suck the polluted air into the ventilation shaft and served in the kitchen. Fresh from the street. They very effectively remove foreign flavors and fat particles, so if you can, stop your choice on such a device.

The main disadvantage is the complexity of installation. So that the technique worked well, the air duct should be stretched, avoiding sharp corners. The installation is planned at the stage of design of furniture, so put a hood in the ready-made headset rather problematic.

Another nuance that is worth considering is the condition of the air exchange system in the house. If the building is old and the ventilation is clogged, then no inflow of clean air will not be, and therefore the installation of the device is useless.

Principle of operation of flow and recycling hoods

Their action is based on the fact that dirty air is tightened inside, cleaned through the filters and goes back to the room.

Usually they are more compact, easy to install, but worse coped with cleansing. The quality of work depends on the filters and their timely washing and replacement. In addition, it will still have to open the window to be opened to ensure air intake.

Such devices are installed where it is impossible to connect to ventilation, and, as a rule, they are cheaper than flowing.

Can how to take fresh air from the street and work without an air duct.

Performance

A favorable atmosphere achieved by drawing depends on properly calculated performance parameters. To calculate what power you need, use the formula:

Performance = Kitchen Square × Ceiling Height × 12 × 1.3 

According to the SES instructions, the air must be updated in the room at least 10 - 12 times per hour. Therefore, the extract must be capable of pumping such a volume.

1.3 - correction coefficient to the floors of the building, pollution of filters and ventilation mines, air duct lengths.

Let's look at the example. The ceiling height is 2.7 m., And the total area of ​​9 square meters. m. We substitute the values ​​in the formula:

9 × 2.7 × 12 × 1,3 = 379.08 

Round the result resulting in the direction of more - 380 cubic meters. m / h. If you follow the advice of the pro, it is better to take productivity a little more minimal, then freshness in the kitchen is guaranteed.

But the stick is not worth the stick. Buy for a 9-meter room hood with a capacity of 1,000 cubic meters. M / hour is an unreasonable waste of money and electricity.

Constructive features

According to the design and method of placement in space, there are the following varieties of exhausts:

A simple and inexpensive option. It is established if there are no special design requirements, although among the flat hoods you can choose quite cute. It looks like a small box. It is usually working in recirculation mode, so it is often installed where the installation of flow hood is impossible.

Simple extract

Favorite type of device, when the kitchen hood is hiding in the wardrobe headset. Built-in devices can be connected to the ventilation system or not depending on the functionality. Some of the models have a retractable panel to cover the greater area, it significantly increases their performance.

Embedded in the hood

The hood is embedded not only in the closet, but also on the table next to the stove. It looks unusual and effectively, but, unfortunately, the ability to purify the air in such structures is small due to the installation features.

Hood in the table

Received their name due to external similarity with the chimney of the fireplace. They are also called "dome". They are connected to ventilation and most effectively remove fat, soot and aromas.

If you choose the design suitable for your kitchen, the unit will become a real interior decoration. In addition to classic fireplace extracts, there are still island, corner and inclined.

Example of fireplace exhaust

Island hoods attach to the ceiling. They are installed in large rooms, where the cooktop is located in the middle of the room.

Island hood for a large kitchen

Island hoods are better than others clean the air, as they delay it from all four sides of the room.

There are also devices intended for installation in the angle. But since the installation of the slab in the corner is an infrequently found option, the products are not distinguished by the wealth of choice.

Corner device

Inclined fireplace devices for consumer estimates are practical in use, since it is less likely to hit the angle. However, if you believe the reviews, their suction ability is slightly reduced due to the configuration.

Entry exhaust

Material of manufacture

The material from which the housing of the exhaust hatch is made, determines the appearance, complexity in care and durability. Usually used:

  • Plastic - from it make inexpensive hoods. It is convenient to wash it, but over time, scratches appear on the housing, and the plastic can darken.
  • Metal - usually it is aluminum or stainless steel. They are most durable and do not lose their attractiveness. But the care of them is quite time consuming: so that it is not visible to the prints and plates, they have to constantly wash and rub special means.
  • Tempered glass is a solution for stylish kitchens of the direction of modern or high-tech. Looks very beautiful, but requires constant labor-intensive care, removal of stains and divorces.

Some manufacturers can meet equipment from a ceramics or wood finish.

Gabarits.

Here, the main rule: the extract must be the same as a cooking panel, or greater width. To catch all evaporations at the device will not work if it is less than the cooktop, and the part will fall into the space of the apartment.

On sale there is a technique width 30, 45, 50, 60, 100, 120 cm. So you find the necessary dimensions will not be difficult.

It is important to set the hood at the correct height: for gas plates - 75 cm, for electric - 65 cm. If you put it higher, it will not cope with its functions. Mounting below the standards threatens the emergence of a fire, because it can start burning fat on the walls of the device.

Filters

Filters are designed not only to detain fat and evaporation, but also to protect the inner parts from contamination. Filtration levels are appliances:

These are the cheapest and simple models. Due to the design without a trap, the grille and fan are quickly covered with a bold tap, which needs to be cleaned. If this is not done, the device stops performing its function and breaks.

Models designed to protect against oil particles. As a rule, the filter is an aluminum or steel grille that is required to periodically remove and purify from fat. The filter can also be in the form of a plastic cassette filled with syntheps or phlizelin, but such a filter cannot be washed, so you have to periodically throw out and buy a new one.

Metallic filter

A coal filter is joined to the girling lattice. It removes outsiders from the room. Present both in flow and recycling models, but in the second its presence is extremely desirable to create a favorable microclimate. It can not be washed, so as it should be changed to a new one. This period is an average of 2 to 4 months.

Management type

Management can be mechanical or electronic.

Mechanical - performed using switching levers, buttons or sliders. Their plus in simplicity: they rarely break, do not require special skills during operation and therefore are comfortable.

Electronic systems often have a display, which reflects all the parameters of the device. They can be push-button or sensory. In addition to the ability to establish accurate work settings, the touch panels have another advantage - they are easier to wash away from fat, which certainly appears on the hood. Some in the kit provides a remote control.

The most expensive samples are equipped with remote control through the application using the phone, computer or laptop. Although it is rather an expensive toy, because it is difficult to imagine the situation when you need to turn on the hood, if anyone is not at home.

Lighting

Almost all models are equipped with a different way of illumination. Somewhere this is a lonely burning light, and somewhere a whole light design. Choose the option that you like and on your pocket.

I will only note that preference is better to give halogen light bulbs - they are durable (unlike incandescent lamps) and do not distort colors (like luminescent).

Working surface lighting system

There are exhaust with the possibility of adjusting the level of light under the lighting of the room. There are products with focusing light, when depending on the setting, they illuminate a strictly limited patch of space or gently dispel light throughout the kitchen room.

Additional functions

Know that the presence of options will have to pay extra, but some of them are really useful, so if the budget allows you to refuse them.

  • Interval inclusion - hood turn on independently with a certain frequency, for example once per hour. This ensures the influx of clean air into the kitchen, even if the room has not been used for a long time.
  • Residual move - after turning off the device, it still works for some time (5, 10 or 15 minutes) on minimal revs. The function allows you to remove all reminders about the cooking process from the surrounding environment.
  • Automatic speed switching - smart technique itself determines the degree of pollution of the medium and the mode that the air is best.
  • Timer - makes it possible to set the gap through which the device will turn off.
  • The most advanced models are even equipped with a TV.

Hood with a TV

Volume level

If you are planning to cook in the morning or at night, then this is one of the main factors. And during the day the permanent loud hum of anyone will lead out of itself and lead to a headache.

Therefore, at the point of purchase, read the noise level declared at maximum power. If it is more than 55 dB, then you should refuse to buy. Quiet are considered to be the volume of 35 - 45 dB volume.

Consider that the more productivity, the stronger the device will make noise. If you need to purchase a unit for a large kitchen, then look at models with two fans: they work much quieter, and clean up the same effectively.

Manufacturing firm

Among the manufacturers of hoods there are well-known brands of home technology, for example: AEG, Bosch, Indesit, Electrolux, Smeg, Zanussi. They traditionally produce high-tech high quality devices.

Among the suppliers of hoods there are firms specializing in the manufacture of goods for the kitchen: Elica, Jet Air, Korting, Krona, Kuppersberg, Lex, Maunfeld, Shindo. They are distinguished by the highest quality, the thoughtful performance of each part and a wide range.

It's easier, and therefore cheaper, technique from the brands Hansa, Hotpoint-Ariston, Candy, Gorenje, Midea. Separate attention deserves Russian products ELIKOR. The range of companies can find both cheap models and expensive stylish solutions. Products are distinguished by a beautiful design for every taste.

Best models

Check out these 3 best draw models.

Standard flat device for small kitchens. Can be connected to ventilation or use recycling. Equipped with a standard mesh grease filter and optionally installed coal.

Price - 5 500 rubles.

Hansa Hansa OSP622.

Classic fireplace device with cleansing capacity up to 15 square meters. M. Has two modes and three power levels. It has a built-in lattice filter and push-button adjustment. You can buy a carbon filter.

It will cost in the amount of 18,500 rubles.

Gorenje Classico DK63CLI

Wide built-in 90 cm apparatus, designed for room up to 24 square meters. M. Recycling and removal, as well as a metal filter guarantee freshness, and convenient electronic control will allow you to set accurate work parameters.

The cost is 38,000 rubles.

Embedded device Elica Hidden IX / A / 90

Where could I buy?

I recommend that you buy hoods in M-video. This is a proven store with high-quality goods, good shares, care about your consumer.

Conclusion

As you can see, there is nothing complicated in the choice of exhaust. It is enough to go through the main parameters and choose suitable values ​​for yourself. Surely you will find a model that will most fully fit your expectations. Moreover, prices differ very much, so you can choose the product for any wallet.

Write in the comments if this article helped you? What do you think, which of the performance characteristics is the main?

The choice of drawing for the kitchen is a pretty simple task, especially if you know in advance with the main characteristics of this device (which, you need to say, not so much).

But first let's say a few words about whether you need a hood at all and what functions it performs. The main task of the exhaust is forced ventilation and air purification, which is inevitably contaminated in the kitchen. These are fat splashes, and the sediment from the burnt impurities present in the domestic gas, and the usual tobacco smoke. The easiest way to clean such air is simply removing it out of the room. A more complex way - to filter the air and return it back peeled.

Thus, we defined the first parameter for which you need to choose a hood: Will it take a polluted air or return it back to the kitchen?

Hood: Recycling or Direct-time?

In most cases, where you can install a direct-flow hood, it is better to choose it: the removal of the contaminated air will clean the room from foreign odors better than filtering. River extract can be installed anywhere. The only condition is the presence of ventilation systems in the nearest access to which you can connect it. It is not recommended to pull the air duct for long distances: it will not only look too aesthetically, but will also lead to a decrease in the efficiency of the drawing (it is believed that each rotation of 90 degrees reduces the exhaust efficiency by 5%).

The direct-flow hood has a rough metallic fat filter, which is designed not to give fat to settle on the insides of the device - the elements of the motor and the case. After all, this not only can lead to the failure of the motor, but will become an unpleasant odor with time. Such a filter is usually removable. It can be washed, it works during the entire life of the hood. However, experience shows that it is often not so simple to wash it simply, and sooner or later the user faces the need to replace the filter.

Recycling extract usually has two filters: one of them, again, serves to remove oil particles (as a rule, it is made in the form of a plastic cassette, which is subject to replacement after a certain level of contamination). The second filter is coal, it serves to eliminate unpleasant odors. The coal filter is also disposable, and therefore it is subject to regular replacement. It is easy to guess that the cost of such "consumables" can make a significant amount (change the carbon filter, for example, recommended every 4-6 months). Especially if there is a lot in the house and often prepare.

Hood GeFest at 10 K45 can work both in recycling and in direct-flow mode

Many extracts provide for signaling about the need to replace the coal filter or maintaining a metal grease filter. This may be, for example, light indication on the control panel. An easier option is special symbols on the filter, which disappear as it is contaminated.

Therefore, the recirculation extract is recommended for installation where it is not possible to install the direct-flow: in the absence of access to the ventilation mine or where the gasket of the air duct is not suitable for aesthetic considerations (for example, over the "island"). We also note that the operation of recycling extracts does not lead to a decrease in the room temperature (this may be important, for example, in country houses).

River hoods are often allowed to work in recycling mode: In this case, it will have to purchase an additional filter that is usually not included.

But on the budget hoods of a direct-flow type that do not have any filter elements, it is better not to watch: Of course, they will cope with the removal of polluted air, but soon they themselves pollute so that they will be laundered quite difficult.

Power exhaust

The volume of air, which is capable of removing (or clean) per unit of time depends on the exhaust power. The calculation will be simple: according to sanitary standards, the extract must pull at least 10-12 m³ / h. We calculate the volume of the kitchen room, we multiply at 12, add "stock" of interest in 20 and another 5% -10% in case the kitchen uses gas, and not electricity - and we get the desired. If you wish, you can save the volume that occupies furniture and refrigerator.

For example, a kitchen with an area of ​​10 square meters and with a height of the ceilings of 3.2 meters will require an exhaust with a capacity of about 500 m³ / h.

Most hoods have several modes of operation, which allows you to adjust the speed of the motor, and at the same time - and the volume of the air passing through the device (and at the same time and the noise level).

Noise level

Noise level that makes a hood can deliver certain inconveniences. Therefore, it is better to have the opportunity to "listen" to the hood in the store (however, it is easy to make a mistake, because the background noise level in the trading room will be significantly higher, and the size of the shopping premises is very different from homemade domestic kitchen).

Normally working dome hood creates noise at 50 decibel. It can be compared with a quiet conversation at a distance of 3 meters. If the extract you chosen is noise louder - it is necessary to seriously think about the feasibility of such a purchase.

Dimensions and mounting methods

By the method of fastening the hoods are divided into several types:

  • Suspended: Such hoods are attached to the bottom plane of the wall locker or kitchen shelf. They usually have a flat and rectangular shape and small dimensions. They simply mount them, however, due to small sizes, filters in such extracts will have to be changed more often.
  • Built-in: Such hoods are mounted inside the kitchen suspension furniture, so that they can be completely hidden from human eyes. Built-in hoods most often can be found in small kitchens - where you have to save space.
  • The fireplace, or the dome hood is familiar to everyone: it is necessary to see it most often in urban apartments, especially where they are preparing a lot and often.
  • Wall hood is attached to the wall directly above the kitchen stove.
  • Island extractor, on the contrary, is designed for mounting on the ceiling, above the stove located in the area of ​​the Kitchen "Island" located in the center of the room.
  • We also note more rare angular hoods (intended for installation in the corner of the room) and telescopic, with a retractable element of air intake (such extracts are installed in the mounted cabinet, but differ extremely low power).
  • The last modification of the fashion is drawn hoods embedded in the worktop. Such devices will cost much more expensive than traditional hoods, but allow you to fully hide the device under the worktop (thereby freeing the place above the stove). Contemporary this - except for the hoods built directly into the cooking surface.

Handicap dimensions should be chosen, guided by the hob dimensions and common sense: in general, it is believed that the exhaust to the width should be no less than the cooking surface (more - it is possible). Ideally, the length and width of the exhaust must coincide with the corresponding sizes of the plate or hob. This will not only provide the optimal operation of the device, but it will also look like the most aesthetic. Today manufacturers produce extracts with a width of 45 to 90 cm. The most popular are models with a width of 50, 60 and 90 cm.

Island extractor Sirius Sil24TCB can be installed directly above the cooking surface.

Case Design and Material

The choice of appearance of the drawing is due to two factors: the attractiveness of the design and ease of care (daily cleaning). There are many models on the market, so there is no doubt that each cook will be able to pick up just such a hood that will look great at his kitchen. But with cleaning may occur complexity. Therefore, it is better not to choose the hood, the body of which is made of cheap heat-resistant plastic, and stop your choice on enameled, and better - on metal housings that will be longer and easy to clean. An alternative in the form of tempered glass is externally attractive, but this is an expensive solution, not too convenient in everyday care.

Designer decisions, such as SMEG KC90AO, may look rather unusual

Control

Hood control can be mechanical or electronic (for example, touch). In the first case, switching operation modes and lighting systems is carried out using a mechanical buttons, in the second - using an electronic system, often equipped with a display with the display of the selected mode of operation.

The main advantages of the electronic control system (in addition to aesthetic) are the ability to set the Troyer on and downstream. More advanced models can automatically change their mode depending on the degree of air pollution, and some even allow remote control by means of a special console or smartphone. The need for the presence or absence of such functions remains at the discretion of the buyer.

Among the additional (optional) modes, you can mark the intensive mode at which the exhaust is operating for a while at maximum power, after which it goes into one of the standard modes, and the interval mode, which implies the periodic pulling on the predetermined time.

Most hoods are managed by standard - an even inexperienced user

The lighting provided for in most hoods will help to illuminate the cooking surface, and can also become an independent element of the interior. Most hoods use standard lamps with E14 base, however, in accordance with the latest EU directives regarding electricity saving, in the near future, all draws will switch to more economical LED lamps. If you wish, you can choose a hood that allows you to regulate the intensity of illumination or even allowing the directional illumination of a certain kitchen zone.

It is also worth mentioning the hoods, ready for working together with cooking panels. Naturally, compatibility is preserved here at the manufacturer's level: it must be the same. Such hoods, in fact, the cooking surface itself is controlled: it decides which mode is at the moment optimal, based on the involvement of its resources.

FEATURES OF MONTAGE

Completing the conversation about drawing, it will not be superfluous to remind not only the need for the right installation of this simple device, but also on the organization of the right ventilation system in the residential room. After all, it lies much more proud, which can be represented at first glance. The most obvious, probably familiar to many: after installing double-glazed windows in the apartment, air flow is disturbed, the air in the room becomes too dry, the oxygen is small. You need to remember about sufficient inflow and when installing an exhaust: because if it does not fall into the apartment, it will be more difficult to "pump out" it will be more difficult.

The second point is the height of the extraction of the hitch relative to the cooking surface. Recommended values ​​are less than 75 cm for gas stove and 65 cm for electric. If the hood over the stove is high, it is better to choose a model with a wider than a cooking panel, an air intake surface.

About the power loss associated with too long or winding air duct, we have already mentioned, but about the need to ensure natural ventilation, many continue to forget to this day. During the installation of the drawing, the initial ventilation hole is often blocked, with the result that the air from the kitchen ceases to leave naturally. As a result, the exhaust has to include much more often - just to "ventilate" the room.

The simplest way to connect an exhaust to the ventilation system is a flexible silver pipe-corrugation. She looks, however, not too aesthetic and, in addition, it can be noise during operation. The solution is a hard air duct made of metal or plastic pipes.

Before installing, it will not be necessary to check all sizes and place the surface for mounting: these instructions can be found in the instructions for the exhaust.

The simplest hood is connected to the power grid. Most dome models allow you to "hide" a wire under a decorative box (a part of the air duct is also hiding under it). This solution will require the presence of a socket or at least the wires located at the top of the kitchen (under the ceiling). It is clear that it is better to think about it in advance - at the design stage of the kitchen.

findings

We list again the steps to be done when choosing a home exhaust:

  • First you need to decide on the type of exhaust: whether it will remove contaminated air (direct-flow) or clean it and feed it back to the room (recycling).
  • The pulp power directly depends on the size of the room in which it will be installed. To pick up suitable power, it is enough to use a simple formula for calculating.
  • Not only its appearance is dependent on the installation of the drawing, but also whether it will be suitable for solving your tasks: one type of exhaust is used for the kitchen "Island", for the open space - another, for embedding in the kitchen set - the third one.
  • From how much "advanced" will be the exhaust management system, it depends on how "independent" will be the device. If you are ready to turn on and turn off the exhaust manually - mechanical control is suitable. If you want the exhaust to turn on and disconnected by timer or on a schedule - do not do without an electronic control system.
  • Not only the appearance of the hood depends on the case material, but also how convenient will be cleansed from contamination. Different types of coatings will require different care and various means for cleaning.

How the exhaust is arranged

When working in the kitchen, especially during the thermal processing of dishes, the ambient air pollution is contaminated with fatty and pairs. If it is not purified, everything will fall on the surface of furniture and technology. And breathe contaminated air is not at all useful for human health.

There is nothing complicated in the design of the hoods. The surface of the device is usually hidden a filter cartridge, the main function of which is to produce coarse air purification from fat (plant and animal) contaminants. The axial particles of fat formed during the cooking process are not only derived from the air, but they do not fall inside the technique itself, which, otherwise, will lead to its premature breakdown.

Extraction device

Extraction device

Next, the system of engines with fans is located, making an air mass withdrawal. To minimize noise from working devices, various techniques are applied: the fan blades are covered with teflon, the motor is placed in an isolated body, etc. Some models are equipped with two motors.

If the extractor is designed not to output air from the room, but only for its cleaning from impurities and smells, with the subsequent return to the kitchen room, additional filters are installed - coal. They are able to perform high-quality cleaning of air masses from various types of particles and unpleasant fragrance.

Air flow diagram in the kitchen with filtering (A) and exhaust ventilation (b)

Air flow diagram in the kitchen with filtering (A) and exhaust ventilation (b)

What is the difference from ventilation

The ventilation system is an integrated network of channels with outlet of the building to emissions from the exhaust air room. The influx of fresh air at the same time occurs through the door and windows are natural through the doorway.

This air exchange system for sanitary standards should be installed in all residential premises. But it does not differ in great efficiency and the more unable to localize and bring odors, evaporation, soot and other "charms" of life. For their prevention, forced ventilation is installed - extractor. It collects all pairs from the cooking surface, through the air duct directs them into the ventilation system.

Types of exhaust

The device of all types of products is mostly the same, they are distinguished by the design, installation method and specifications.

Manufacturers are used to make hoods stainless steel (most often), aluminum, glass or plastic. The most durable and durable structures are usually made of metal. Glass surfaces are perfectly opposed to any external influences and are well cleaned. Plastic refers to the most budget materials, unpretentious during operation, but the strength characteristics do not always suit the constructive consumer. In the design of any material, decorative inserts can be used, for example, from wood or chrome steel.

By method of placement, several main varieties of devices can be distinguished:

  • Western, fastened above the cooking area, arranged near the wall; Wailed extract

    Wailed extract

  • Ceiling, fixed to the ceiling above the heat treatment section; Modern ceiling exhaust design

    Modern ceiling exhaust design

  • built-in, which can be mounted inside suspended cabinets, in the ceiling surface, wall or even a tabletop; Embedded hood for kitchen

    Embedded hood for kitchen

  • Island, placed above the stove, standing in the center of the kitchen, which are usually higher with a higher power, interesting design and cost; Ceiling (island) extract

    Ceiling (island) extract

  • The inclined, which appeared not so long ago and stand out by the device (it is not different from other models), and the location at an angle to the stove; Inclined extract - the perfect solution for small kitchen

    Inclined extract - the perfect solution for small kitchen

  • Corners installed above the working surfaces located in the corner of the room and allow you to optimize the space. Corner hood for kitchen

    Corner hood for kitchen

The technique varies and the method of cleaning air masses. Depending on this, the following types of devices are used:

Installation of exhaust carrying air cleaning and returning it to the room is quite simple (I do not need a mine for removal of air masses). But there is a need to follow the state of filters and in their periodic replacement (as a rule, once every six months).

The efficiency of such devices is significantly lower compared to flow models. Products of this type are most often installed in homes where there is no or badly functioning the ventilation system, as well as above island plates. At the same time, no need to tie the point of installation of the slab to the location of the ventilation shaft.

Tightening - more complex in installation and are often characterized by a smaller level of noise when working. However, they effectively produce air purification and do not need to change the filter elements (the main filter is only required to clean).

Filter

Filter

Important! When operating flow models in the winter period, inconvenience may inconvenience for households, as the influx of cold air is performed.

Definitely determine which hood is better, it is impossible. All three models are suitable for certain tasks.

The drawing form can also be selected depending on the design of the kitchen and your own preferences. In this case, it is possible to diversify the interior, give it originality or, on the contrary, emphasize the harmony of all established interior and technology items.

Nasal

Nasal

Manufacturers offer flat devices and cylindrical, having a dome form, pyramid or parallelepiped, as well as non-standard-looking models.

Interesting island extractor in modern kitchen

Interesting island extractor in modern kitchen

Extraction device

According to the principle of action, they are all similar to the vacuum cleaner, but with other functions. Modern exhaust devices are different designs, depending on the purpose - one remove the contaminated air, while others are filtered and returned back already purified. By the purification method, they are divided into flow, recycling and combined, which combine both options.

  • Flowing exhaust equipped with metal or plastic pipes (round, square, corrugated) for connecting to the ventilation system that are hard or flexible. The lower parts of the device consist of filters (giroslavls), which delay soot and fat. They are masked for decorative panels. Inside there are fans and special motors. Behind them is an air duct connected to ventilation.
  • Recycling They work autonomously, without connecting to ventilation, so they do not have pipes, because of what they look more aesthetic. Inside their enclosures after the fans are replaceable, very thin coal filters. For rough cleaning, filters are made of durable aluminum, they can be simply washing with detergent. Externally, the principle of building buildings is the same as in the flow.

The exhaust system is running from the electrical network. Everything is very simple - the button with the selected mode is switched onto the socket (indicated by numbers 1-3), the engine is gaining momentum. The most convenient to connect the exhaust - with touch displays or remote control (using the remote control or voice commands).

What hood is better to choose for the kitchen

If the design of the drawing can not be very conceived, the benefit on the market is sufficiently different models with their colors and sizes, then special attention should be paid to the effectiveness of its work - the quality of the functions performed by it.

First of all, it is necessary to determine the type of device - recirculating or flow or flow. At the same time, without a preliminary estimate of the room, it is definitely said to say which kitchen hoods is better for it will not work - each fulfills its tasks and is good in its place.

Circulating extract

This name is the device as it just causes air to circulate by room, eliminating it from foreign odors by passing through a carbon filter, which is inside the hood.

In addition to the coal filter in such an extract, grease traps are installed.

The principle of its work causes all the positive and negative aspects of such a design.

+ Pluses of circulation hoods

  1. The possibility of using in homes with a clogged ventilation system or simply designed for small traction and does not cope with the possibilities of modern hoods.
  2. Such a device can be accommodated anywhere and it is not necessary to pull the corrugation from the ventilation mine. It also opens up ample opportunities for designers - such an extract can be hidden in a tabletop or for Fallestin.
  3. When recycling the air, it is not necessary to create a strong craving, which means the devices can be more compact and economically in terms of electricity consumption.
  4. With smaller loads on the engine, which is the main component of the drawing, the overall service life of the device rises.
  5. The layout of the stove for cooking is not attached to the ventilation shaft.

- Minuses of circulating huts

  1. The need to acquire consumables - depending on the intensity of the use of hood coal filters about once every six months, it is necessary to change.
  2. You will have to regularly wash the fat filter - it is a fine metal mesh, which is installed at the bottom of the exhaust and cleaned in running water or dishwasher.
  3. Circulation hood does not make sense to put over the gas stove. In the process of combustion of gas, oxygen from the air is transformed into the carbon monoxide (co²), which exhaust will be simply driven by the kitchen. Recycling in this case becomes not only ineffective, but also dangerous to health.

Flowing exhaust

The main difference of such a device is that for effective work, it necessarily needs access to the ventilation mine. The extractor is mounted either directly near its hole, or it is connected to the corrugated-tube, which is done in shorter - than it is smaller, the quiet exhaust work. For this reason, the device of this type is somewhat limited at the installation site - on the wall above the stove or ceiling.

The principle of operation of the device is quite simple. The fan injected the air and pulls it out of the room forming a kind of draft, which is formed when the window is open, only the air does not spin in the kitchen, and is blown out by a fan in the ventilation mine or immediately outside, if a separate vent hole in the kitchen wall is made for exhaust.

Since dirty air is displayed on the street, then use coal filters is not needed, but so that the insides of the exhaust itself are not contaminated with the particles of the fat and soot, the fat filter is still put on it. It is required to periodically rinse it - from the purity of this part depends, how efficiently and quiet will work.

Due to the need for the installation of ventilation, the flow hoods are better installed during the repair work in the kitchen and when it is planned separately to calculate its location. Special attention should be paid to the air duct - ideally, it should be a straight line without bends and turns. If they are presented, the air will be very buzzing inside the pipe and the use of drawing will be at least not comfortable. In general, according to the principle of operation, it is clear what exhaust for the gas stove is better - in this case only the flow rate should be installed. Almost all models of flow hoods can be launched in recycling mode - for this, a coal filter is installed on the outlet, and the device is ready for operation.

+ Pluses of flow hood

  1. The ability to make powerful, high-performance devices.
  2. There are no consumables that need a systematic replacement - used fat filters almost eternal.
  3. Hood can be hidden in kitchen furniture.
  4. Noise is lower than that of circulating analogs.

- Minuses of flow hood

  1. Since the extractor of essentially pumps the air from the kitchen, the other should be taken to his place, for which it is necessary to leave an open window or purge ventilation also on the inflow of air.
  2. The consequence of the previous drawback - in winter, the hood displays warm air from the room, replacing it with cold, and in the summer, on the contrary.
  3. If the plate is (or it is installed) away from the ventilation hole, large-scale installation works are inevitable.

What pick up the design of the installation

Here it is already a question of design, after all, a fundamentally interior device of all hoods is the same - the main differences are in the power of the engines, the quality of the assembly and the coverage of the working area.

Suspended . Mostly, these are budget variants of devices - they differ in the low power of the engine, but at the same time the most economical in terms of energy consumption. The simplicity of design determines the cost of such hoods and simplicity of their installation. Most often it is the case with dimensions of 60x50x15, the lower part of which consists of fat filters, and the engine is located inside. The air duct is on the top or rear lid.

Despite the budget execution, in this category, a sufficient number of reliable devices that will cope with air purification are not worse than top models and will have a sufficiently low noise level.

Dome . Their second name is the fireplace. They received this name for similarity with the ventilation system of natural fireplaces, which immediately attract attention at the entrance to the kitchen. Often such models are equipped with a powerful engine and can boast high performance. Since they are constantly in sight, then manufacturers offer customers a large number of design options for such devices.

Structurally, dome hoods are divided into three types:

1. Wasted. They are attached to one of the walls, for which the back side is made flat.

2. Corner. They have the appropriate form for mounting in the corner of the kitchen.

3. Island. Mixed to the ceiling - most often through it the ventilation pipe is carried out. It is especially easy to do if the plasterboard ceilings are mounted. This extractor is used in large kitchens, in which the stove is in the middle of the room.

Warning and angular devices may have an inclined work surface - it improves their appearance, and also reduces the likelihood of hitting the edge of the normal hood.

Embedded . After installation, such extracts become practically invisible - only the control panel with sensory or mechanical buttons remains in sight. This is usually a narrow strip in several centimeters high - black, white or silver color.

Increased such hoods can be in kitchen cabinets or countertops - in the first case, they are put forward in the horizontal plane, and in the second (such models are also called "domino") - in vertical.

Types of Extrazhkov

To date, the domestic market offers the consumer two types of exhaust devices: flow and circulating. Depending on the type of device, already purified air masses through a uniform ventilation system are thrown into the atmosphere (flowing), or returned back to the room (circulating type).

The advantages of flowing hoods in their high performance, which, by the way, is very dependent on the quality of the ventilation system at home.

The disadvantage is quite complicated installation and Mandatory organization of the inflow of fresh air in the required amount.

The advantages of the "kitchen umbrellas" of circulating type in ease of installation, the absence of air ducts and connections to the general ventilation system.

The disadvantage can be considered mediocre performance and the high cost of consumables.

Important! When working in flow hoods in the kitchen there is a slight discharge. In the region of low pressure (according to the laws of physics), air masses from other premises are rushed, including from the toilet. Without a competently organized inflow of fresh air, the air will be delayed in the kitchen from the ventilation of the bathroom with the smells of the sewage of the entire entrance.

Suspended

Suspended exhaust umbrellas are only circulating type (do not require connecting to the ventilation system). They are attached to the wall directly above the cooking panel. The perfect choice for small kitchens.

Dignity :

  • Low cost in comparison with other types of similar devices;
  • Simple installation.

disadvantages :

  • Low performance.

Suspended exhaust

Dome

Dome or therapy are made in the form of an umbrella, which is "wide side" is located directly above the cooking surface, and "narrow", goes into the ventilation system. Dome is attached to the wall. The air duct is mounted on the dome and to the "ventilation window" or is given directly beyond the space.

Dignity :

  • aesthetic design;
  • high performance.

disadvantages :

  • Need to improve inlet ventilation. Capital extract

Embedded

Built-in equipment is mounted inside the kitchen cabinet. Such a shape of the housing allows you to hide the entire design of the drawing, leaving "in front of" only an attractive front panel with controls. An excellent option for those who are "extra design" does not want to spoil the interior of the room.

Dignity :

  • Does not take place.
  • Does not spoil the interior.

disadvantages :

  • It has a higher cost.
  • Requires skills when installing.

Built-in exhaust

Domino

Some of the most modern design options that are installed inside the countertops (directly near the cooking surface) and "leaves" from it when the slab is turned on. Very convenient option for small-sized kitchens.

Dignity :

  • Compactness.
  • Spectacular design.

disadvantages :

  • High price.
  • The complexity of the installation.
  • Low efficiency.

Domino exhaust

Island

This type of equipment is a classic kitchen umbrella with a ceiling mount. The best option for cleaning the air above the kitchen "island" or a separate stove.

Dignity :

  • High performance.
  • Large selection of designer solutions.

disadvantages :

  • Mounting complexity.
  • High price.
  • Improving sizes

Hood is an island

Models with extended panel

The retractable extractor or slider in the folded state has minimal dimensions. When operating from the main body, an additional panel is put forward, which overlaps the entire perimeter of the hob. Such a design can be a flow or circulation type. The perfect option in case of space deficiency.

Dignity :

  • Significant saving place.
  • Good functionality.
  • High performance.
  • Fits almost any interior.

The disadvantage can be considered a high cost.

Hood with extending panel

How the extract works

How the extract works

  • At the bottom of the case there is a filter of a strong cleaning, which holds the dirt and soot.
  • Inside the device are fans that are driven by motor.
  • Next to the top of the air duct, leading to the street either in the ventilation mine at home.
  • In various exhaust models, additional devices are provided for better cleaning, for example, grease traps.

What filters in hoods is better

What filters in hoods is better

  • Fat filters are designed to capture fat suspended particles from the air. They are divided into reusable and disposable. The latter can not be erased, after use, they must be disposed of.

Reusable metal require only regular cleaning, they will serve as much as the aggregate itself.

  • Coal filters are used in products where air exchange is provided: the air is first drawn into the device, and after cleaning it is sent back to the room. The composition is based on activated carbon, which absorbs smells well.

What power is needed

What power is needed

The productivity of the device is calculated according to the following formula: the kitchen width is multiplied by the length and to the height of the ceiling, then ten another. The last digit is the rate of air exchange per hour.

The higher the power of the product, the faster the atmosphere in the kitchen will be refrossing, the more comfortable you will cook. The minimum productivity of industrial products is 300 cubic meters per hour.

Where the extract is connected

Where the extract is connected

It is important to connect the device to the ventilation mine and to the electrical network. The unit itself should be located at an altitude of 70-90 centimeters from the cooking surface.

To avoid melting device, it is impossible to mount it below the set limits, when installing above 90 centimeters from the slab, the efficiency of the goods is significantly reduced.

The exhaust hole and the installation site of the device is connected by corrugation in the case when this pipe can be hidden in the kitchen headset. When the exhaust canal is on the outside, it is better to use special channel tubes with a rectangular cross section.

Where the hood is outlined in the kitchen

Where the hood is outlined in the kitchen

You can bring the device into the hole of the ventilation mines, which is available in each home. If there is no such possibility, then the extra hole is made in the wall with the output directly to the street.

Requirements for exhaust devices and their installation in the kitchen

To ensure the effective and safe operation of these devices, you must follow multiple setup rules:

  • The dimensions of the intake hole must be greater than the area of ​​the hob.
  • The distance from the surface of the plate to the hood should be at least 70-80 cm to avoid overheating.
  • Its power should be such to ensure complete air replacement at least 10 times per hour.
  • If there is no exit to a special ventilation mine in the kitchen, it is better to be better not to connect it to not disrupt its work, and even better - to establish a recycling model.

What to pay attention to when choosing an exhaust

Correctly picking up the device, you can ensure comfort located in the kitchen, the safety of interior items, cleanliness, saving on detergents, and minimize the risk of allergy from households.

Stylish hood over stove

Stylish hood over stove

Any consumer is obliged to take into account some of the most important aspects.

  1. Appearance. Extraction should fit into the kitchen interior, which can be framed in various styles. Modern technique can harmoniously look even in classically decorated premises, not to mention the kitchens decorated in fashionable style concepts, which are popular lately: High-tech, loft or minimalism. Previously, the hood was the usual kitchen interior item, but today is the original decor.

    Previously, the hood was the usual kitchen interior item, but today is the original decor.

  2. Dimensions of technology. The size of the drawing must match the parameters of the cooking panel or can exceed them slightly. It is unacceptable that the device is less than the stove. The most common sizes of devices in width - 500, 600 and 900 mm. The size of the hood must match the parameters of the hob

    The size of the hood must match the parameters of the hob

  3. Performance. To determine the necessary productivity of the instrument, it is important to correctly calculate the required performance, that is, the amount of air that it must be able to recycle per unit of time (hour). Performance and power hoods

    Performance and power hoods

Calculate productivity easily, knowing the volume of the kitchen (moving area and height). If the door to the kitchen is missing, it is necessary to take into account the area of ​​the adjacent room. Accordingly, the performance requirements are significantly increasing. If necessary, clean the air 12 (by sanitary standards, this indicator should be within 10 ... 15) once a hour follows the resulting area of ​​the room to multiply by 12.

Important! It is not necessary to confuse air purification in the area of ​​cooking plot carried out by extractor, with its ventilation. This device cannot be replaced by the ventilation system.

An example of calculating the performance of the drawing for the kitchen with an air duct of 10 m, the height of the ceilings in which is 2.7 m, where the cooking panel is used no more than three times a day:

N = 10 x 2.7 x 12 x 1.5 = 486 m3 / h.

In this case, a coefficient equal to 1.5 is used to account for the features of the electric stoves (for calculating instruments operating above the gas stoves, coefficient 2 is applied). Accordingly, the extract for such a kitchen should have a capacity of 500 m3 / h. The increasing coefficient can be used with a high length of the ventilation route, the cross section of the air duct, etc.

  1. Noise indicators. When in the kitchen for a long time, a noisily working device significantly affects the state of culinary, which cannot but affect the quality of preparing dishes. Moreover, the noise level increases with an increase in the power of the device. It will not work completely silently working technique, mostly manufacturers are able to provide the range of indicators within 40 ... 55 dB. In this regard, it is convenient to use exhaust with the stipulated system intensity adjustment system. It is possible to reduce the noise level, regularly conducting measures for cleaning the filters and the air duct. Noise indicators

    Noise indicators

  2. Method of control. The easiest embodiment is a device having a manual push-button control. The touch panel provides the consumer with additional convenience during operation and the ability to easily clean the surface of the exhaust. The most modern type of control is a remote remote control or voice commands. Hood with remote control

    Hood with remote control

  3. Cost. This factor cannot be discounted. The price of the product is determined by the characteristics of the device, its design, design and equipping. An important factor is the brand under which the technique has been released. Prices for extracts begin with two thousand rubles, the most expensive models are more than 100 thousand rubles.

    Prices for extracts begin with two thousand rubles, the most expensive models are more than 100 thousand rubles.

  4. Additional features. The consumer is given the opportunity to choose a device not only suitable in appearance and technical characteristics, but also equipped with various functions that increase the functionality of the technique. We are talking about a timer that allows you to disconnect the operation of the device according to plan, sensors notifying the degree of contamination of filters and the need for changing them, the anti-flame valve, the built-in backlight and other convenient additions. Functional built-in hood with backlit

    Functional built-in hood with backlit

Tips for choosing

As a conclusion, we want to pay attention to how to choose the right and reliable kitchen hood. Before purchasing, focus on the following positions:

  1. Filters. There may be disposable and reusable. The more filters, the higher the cleaning quality and the cost of the device.
  2. Exterior drawing and installation method. Pick the model appropriate room design.
  3. The power and productivity of the fans should cover the necessary air exchange in the kitchen.
  4. Control Panel. It happens sensory, push-button and slider. It is more convenient to use the sensor, the buttons are easier and cheaper.
  5. The size of the household appliance must be somewhat more or equal to the hob.
  6. Additional functions simplify the operation of the air cleaner, and significantly increase its value.
  7. Noise. Above performance - more noise.

According to experts, if you follow these recommendations, you can save a mass of time, tools and strength to find a suitable model of the air cleaner for you.

Best oblique extract

Best oblique extract

The inclined model is characterized by a spectacular design, the glossy surface is best fits into modern headsets.

Characteristics

  • Touch or push button.
  • The automatic shutdown timer is provided.
  • Additional lighting in the configuration.
  • Glass front panel.

pros

  • Large air suction area.
  • Wide functionality.
  • Over the working area, there is more space when cooking, due to the inclined plane.

Best oblique extract

Minuses

  • High price
  • Requires regular wet cleaning, as the glossy surface is rapidly dirty.

Best domed hoods for kitchen

Hansa OKC 6726 IH Kronasteel Lina 600 White 4p-S Maunfeld Tower C 60
Power consumption, W 160. 198. 250.
Diameter of the duct air duct 150. 150. 120.
Operating mode Removal / circulation Removal / circulation Removal / circulation
Max. Performance, m3 / hour 620. 800. 520.
Management type Electronic Electronic Electronic
Lighting Halogen lamp LED lamp Halogen lamp
Number of speeds 443
Filter fatty fatty fatty
Max. Noise level, dB 69. 40. 54.
Width / height / depth, cm 60/143 / 47 60/133.2 / 43.6 50/92/31

Hansa OKC 6726 IH

Universal exhaust to work in removal and air circulation modes. The electric motor with a capacity of 160 watts provides a maximum capacity of 620 m³ / hour, when the fourth speed mode is turned on. The device is controlled by touch buttons, with the display of the current mode of operation on the display.

+ Pluses Hansa OKC 6726 IH

  1. Original design.
  2. Bright illumination of the working area - can be used instead of conventional light in the kitchen.
  3. Four mode modes for noise / performance adjustment.

-Mines Hansa OKC 6726 IH

  1. Lighting lamps are very hot - it is necessary during their work not to touch the hull, or change them to low-temperature.
  2. Occasionally can "Clin" touch buttons - you have to turn off the hood from the outlet.
  3. The weak lighting of the touch buttons - with bright lighting, they are simply badly visible, and when the exhaust is in standby mode, the keys have to press the tip.

Reliable workhorse with an original design, differing from most similar models in its price category. If the specifications of the device and the question in design are suitable, then this extract is one of the first candidates for consideration.

Kronasteel Lina 600 White 4p-S

Fireplace extract with electronic control and a capacity of 800 m³ / hour. It is installed in the opening of a width of 60 cm and can operate in circulation modes and air removal. The engine with a maximum power of 198 watts operates in four modes, providing a low sound level and saving electricity.

+ Pluses Kronasteel Lina 600 White 4p-S

  1. Quiet work. Noise is heard only at 3-4 speeds, and for the usual cooking enough and the first two.
  2. Design. LED backlight, sensory control and display give the exhaust individual features.
  3. Universality. If you purchase a coal filter with a hood, you can use it in recycling mode.

-Mines Kronasteel Lina 600 White 4p-S

  1. A separate transformer is used to power the LED backlight - if it fails, the search for a new one and its replacement will take a certain time.
  2. When installing the power cord is too strongly shifted by a protective casing - it is necessary to either make a deepening in the wall, or to reassure the housing itself.

Determining which extract is better to buy in the kitchen, the last argument will be the fact that it is a device with a minimum number of negative feedback from the people using it. If reliability is required, power, quiet work and for this is the ability to pay a little more average price, then this model will be the right choice.

Maunfeld Tower C 60

Stylish hood with a glass work surface, embedding width 600 mm and push-button control. Depending on the needs, one of the three modes of operation is used, which allows you to adjust the noise level in the kitchen. Extraction passes through itself 520 m³ of air per hour, which is more than enough for the room in 20 m².

+ Pluses of Maunfeld Tower C 60

  1. Price-quality ratio.
  2. Additional illumination zone for cooking.
  3. The working surface is located at an angle - a smaller probability to hit her head.
  4. The ability to connect in circulating and flow modes.
  5. The standard configuration has a check valve.

-Mines Maunfeld Tower C 60

  1. According to the instructions, placement height above the table top must be 45 cm. If you arrange an exhaust on this height, it is not visible control buttons - they have to press the touch or lean to see them.
  2. The overall drawback of black things - spots from the hands and dust are strongly noticeable.
  3. With a large number of steam from a saucepan may not fully suck it.
  4. At maximum engine speeds, the noise is tangible.

A practical and unpretentious Tower C 60 device is a good choice for a kitchen of up to 15-20 m², if necessary, combine productivity, design and low price.

Conclusion

As you can see, there is nothing complicated in the choice of exhaust. It is enough to go through the main parameters and choose suitable values ​​for yourself. Surely you will find a model that will most fully fit your expectations. Moreover, prices differ very much, so you can choose the product for any wallet.

Sources

  • https://mebel-expert.info/kak-vybrat-vytyazhku-dlya-kuhni/
  • https://diz-kitchen.ru/%F0%9F%8E%9BBYTOVAYA-TEXNIKA/Kak-Rasschitat-Moshnost-vytyazhki-dlya-kuxni.html
  • https://srbu.ru/tekhnika-dlya-doma/372-kakaya-vytyazhka-luchshe-dlya-kukhni.html
  • https://tehnikoved.ru/klimaticheskaya-tehnika/vytyazhka-klimaticheskaya-tehnika/vybor-vytyazhki-domlya-kuhni.html
  • https://vash.market/bytovaya-tehnika/krupnaya-tehnika-dlya-kuchni/8-vidov-luchshih-vidov-luchshih-kuhnyu-kak-vybrat-plyusy-i-minusy.html
  • https://vsvoemdome.ru/dom/tovary/kak-vybrat-vytyazhku-dlya-kuhni.

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The comfort and pleasure of cooking in the kitchen is not least determined by the exhaust. It cleans the air from smoke, evaporation and any odors, and also prevents fat sediment on the walls, ceiling and kitchen headset. But the choice of drawing is associated with a multitude of nuances. Here, even the width and depth of the device are key to optimal work.

Design

First of all, it should be understood that the design of the drawing, contrary to existing myths, does not affect its performance. And the dome, and the embedded extract can be like a low-power, designed for small kitchenettes and very productive. By and large, the choice of one or another design affects your personal taste, budget and kitchen style. Someone prefers that the hood is not visible at all, and someone wants to make a special design accent on it.

Suspended . Perhaps the simplest and most compact type of exhaust, which is not mounted in the hanging cabinet itself, but directly to the wall. Usually, the suspended hood is installed under the cabinet located above the stove or hob. Almost all suspended hoods work in two modes: recycling and direct removal.

They are good if you have no reasons for any reason to connect to central ventilation at all. Due to the lack of a massive box, the suspension hood takes a little space, and you simply do not use the exit to ventilation, including the device into recirculation mode.

Embedded . If you want no one to guess where your hood is hidden - choose the embedded. It is almost completely hiding in a wall closet and literally merges with the interior. Minus - the wardrobe will only mask not particularly beautiful, work case and hooding. It will not be possible to use it for storage. If you are not provided in the kitchen a special cabinet for hood, you will have to make a drink and holes in the already existing one.

The power of the embedded hoods range from the weakest to incredibly productive models. Many also support the circulation system. In the choice of design, we only look at the bottom dashboard and retractable railing if the telescopic type exhaust. Everything else will be hidden behind the cabinet doors.

Caminic . She is dome. Hood that attracts attention. Mounted to the wall and fully covers the space above the stove, it is not embedded anywhere and exists independently from the kitchen headset. The main advantage of fireplace hoods is a style. They are produced in a variety of colors, designs and often become a bright emphasis in the kitchen. Moreover, this is absolutely not necessarily futuristic metal models. Fireplace hoods in the style of Provence, Country? Easily.

Dome hoods save space when for some reason you have a free space between the wall cabinets above the slab, where you do not put any built-in hood (for example, 75 centimeters, or 62). They are easy to core, fuse a couple of extra centimeters. They also become an excellent option for those who decided to abandon wall cabinets in the kitchen.

Inclined . The principle of installation and visual perception is similar to the fireplace. It is also an independent, not embedded hood. But the main difference is that this model can change the angle of inclination relative to the hob. In addition, inclined hoods have modern, concise design and visually facilitate kitchen layout.

Island . The name speaks for itself - this hood is mounted above the remote kitchen island. It looks amazingly effectively in spacious kitchens with an individual layout, solves the issue of purification of air with a hob assigned to the island panel. The island hoods are complex installation - except that it is also necessary to provide a solid fastening in the ceiling, it is also important to stretch the removal to the instrument. But believe me - it is worth it.

Retractable design. The so-called telescopic hoods are an additional feature for embedded and suspended hoods "under the locker". Additional work area, extended on the railing, allows you to fully cover the entire space over the cooking panel.

Corps material

The style of the housing is primarily dependent on the case of the case. It is difficult to imagine in the exquisite, old kitchen with a cold steel color hood. Pay attention that materials are often combined with each other and not the last role plays the color of the details - rails, control panels. Picking all the technique in the tone, you can collect a one-piece set of similar design.

Glass . As a rule, in hoods used dense, heat-resistant and stroke glass. Plus - visually facilitates the design. Minus - brand. True, from the soot, dust and fat glass is easily and gratefully cleaned. Usually used in combination with metal on the housing.

Metal . Material is durable, durable and able to serve you in primeval form for many years. . Metal made extracts not only in a modern, but also a classic style. Often, the metal is painted either combined with glass, thanks to which you can meet the models of white, beige and any other colors. Even violet and green.

Plastic . The most budget material. Plastic can aboad and scratch over time, but with careful care behaves perfectly in operation. But the hoods in the plastic box compared to the metal and glass are units.

The size

The size of the drawing is not the last value, especially for the latch. Consider that if your wardrobe is 60 cm wide, then the embedded hood will be slightly smaller to fit inside. The most standard gradations of the embedded hoods are 45, 60 and 90 cm. Less often use models by 50, 70 or 80 cm. You need to pick up the width, relying on the size of the cooking panel. The extract should be equal in width or more to capture the air over the burners as efficiently as possible.

It is important to take into account the depth of the wall cabinet, so that the design of the hood is not branded. Dome (fireplaces) hoods are usually selected so as to completely close the space over the cooking panel.

In any case, the most important thing is to remove the exact dimensions or your kitchen headset, or the place allotted under the hood, so that, making a purchase, you did not think how to accommodate a 60-centimeter hood in a half-meter locker. Approximate understanding of the ratio of the device and the locker:

Performance and power

The most important exhaust parameter is its performance. It is measured in the cubic meters of air treated in one hour. It is not difficult to guess, the hood is selected, based on the area of ​​your kitchen. On average, for effective purification, the extractor should process air about 10-15 times in an hour.

Therefore, the formula for calculating the drawing performance is simple: room area x wall height x 12. For extracts with a ventilation connection, it is advisable to multiply the resulting digit to the coefficient of 1.3.

For example, for a kitchen in 10 m² with a height of the walls of 2.5 m, it is enough to draw up to 400 m³ / h. You can take a hood more powerful if you plan to cook not only often and remember, but something with a pronounced smoke or smells - to fry fish, use electricity and so on. But in general there is no need to take a hood at 800 m³ / h in Little kitchen. Approximate calculation of the drawing around the kitchen area looks like this:

Power is a minor indicator, which in specific models, as a rule, corresponds to performance. It is clear that the instrument should have enough power to recycle the stated air volume. In general, the exhaust is quite economical devices whose power is rarely rising above 500 W.

Mode and speed

Hoods can work in two modes: circulation and removal.

Out - This is the connection of the device to central ventilation. The highest quality and rapid air purification plus complete getting rid of smells.

Recycling It implies air run exclusively through coal filters in the hood itself. This is a solution for those who do not otherwise or do not plan to connect the discharge. But you need to understand that recycling will save only from smoke and evaporation, but nothing will do with odors. If you frift fish - you will smell fish, and you still have to open a window and ventilated. Coal filters must be periodically changed depending on the frequency of operation. True, they cost inexpensively and sold everywhere.

Most devices support both modes of operation and, as a rule, even the most budget hanging extracts can still be connected to ventilation.

The process of cleaning air occurs either on one or at several speeds. More often in the models there are 2-4 speeds that can be configured depending on the intensity of cooking.

Some hoods support intense - reinforced - the mode that will save if something is burned, or you are just fascinated by cooking and at regular speeds, the extract does not have time to cope.

Noise level

The noise level is measured at the maximum exhaust speed and directly depends on its performance. It should be noted that the extract is difficult to attribute to quiet instruments. Noise varies on average from 45 to 70-80 dB! That is what GOST tells us, on which you can compare the perception of the noise level:

  • 35 dB - muted conversation
  • 40-45 dB - normal speech. Norm for residential premises from 7 to 23 hours
  • 50 dB - a distinct conversation, typewriter
  • 55 dB - day office
  • 60-70 dB - noisy: loud conversations
  • 80 dB - very noisy: Creek, motorcycle with silencer.

But it is worth understanding that the powerful, productive extract for a large kitchen cannot be too quiet. Therefore, there will have to find a certain compromise between noise and efficiency.

Extra options

Type of control It does not structurally affect the quality of the drawing and is determined only by your comfort. These can buttons, turning mechanisms, sliders and sensor.

Type of lighting. For highlighting in the hood, one or two lamps are used. It is usually either a halogen lamp (it is the same incandescent lamp) or LED. You should not pay special attention to the type of lamp - they can always be replaced, picking up according to the appropriate basement. And if you do not suit, for example, the brightness of the incandescent lamp, you can put the LED at any time, observing the capacity limit.

Filter pollution indicator . Useful feature that herself will tell you that it is time to change or clean the filters in the hood.

Remote control . Not the most primary feature, given that the hood is usually included directly during cooking, and, it means you are already in the kitchen. However, the remote control can be controlled by the device at a distance.

And here timer much more useful. You can program the exhaust at a certain time of operation. Having finished cooking and leaving the kitchen, you can leave the device on, and calmly engage in other things - the extract will turn off when it should be.

Tips for choosing a hood for kitchen

If you want your extract to stay as imperceptible as possible, choose embedded hoods.

And if, on the contrary, you want to create a stylist accent, then your option is a fireplace or inclined. And, of course, for owners of the kitchen island, a gorgeous solution - a ceiling island exhaust.

If you do not have an external ventilation connection, your option is an exhaust with circulation mode without unnecessary boxes and pipes. In all other cases, it is better to pick up universal options.

If you are an avid culinary, we recommend considering options for several speeds with an intense mode.

The text is updated by the author Ladyly

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