Case in ambitions of Japanese emperors
Previously, the mention of Japan is found in the Chinese book: by itself, Japan has been described there from the point of view of the Chinese. When the Chinese watched east, where Japan is located, they looked to the side, from where the sun rises.
In the 57th year n. e. The first Japanese ambassador was sent to the eastern capital of Chinese Khanate. Then Japan and the Japanese called in, and Japan at that time was in vassal dependence on China. The struggle for power inside Japan was conducted by civil engineering.
In the first century, our era, clan Yamato became stronger than his neighbors, and to V c. n. e. The word Yamato became synonymous with Japan. Gradually, the Central Government appeared in Japan - the Japanese adopted Chinese culture, including in relation to politics, and eventually freed from the Chinese government.
Approximately 600 years. e. Japanese Prince Regent Schotoka, a large fan of Chinese culture, will be brought to the Japanese society Confucianian rank and etiquette model. At his disposal, the Chinese calendar gradually entered the source, the road system was developed, numerous Buddhist temples were built, a judicial system was drawn up. Students went to China to explore Confucianism and Buddhism - so Japan has established long diplomatic relations with China.
In addition, Schotoka came up with for Japan the name "Country of the Rising Sun" - he wrote in the message to the Chinese emperor: "From the country where the sun rises, to the country where the sun sits down." The Chinese are, apparently, insulted, as the Japanese prince tried to put himself in one row with the emperor - the son of the sky.
In the 645th year n. er, according to Japanese history, the palace coup led to the land reform - the whole earth began to belong to the state and the ruling family. Since then, in all official documents, Japan is called the country of the rising sun. In the 670th year, the Chinese were forced to accept this title. It gothes, and in the last 1400 years the world knows Japan under this name.
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Prince Skotoka He loved Chinese culture. Later, the influence of another state was viewed in religion, judicial system, politics. IN 600-I. The year of our era, the Japanese Prince called his power as the country of the Rising Sun, in the letter Chinese emperor .
Where did the name of the country of the Rising Sun
China - This is the place where for the first time began to call Japan the country of the rising sun. This is due to the fact that the star appears on the horizon from the side Japanese islands . Local townspeople liked the name. Nippon Means the sunrise or native land of the Sun, and this is like the Japanese call the country. The title is deserved, if compared with geographic indicators. On the world map, this country is located in the eastern east, and the Japanese rose to meet The first on the planet .
All europe at the end 13th century I learned about Japan. During this period, the book of a popular merchant from Italy was published. Marco Polo . The publication described the sides of Asia. Distant island in the east called Chiping Also mentioned in the works and in translation means the country, the birth of the Sun. The original and beautiful name of Japan was recorded in a variety of European dialects.
Japanese served their power for a long time Yamato , that is, a mountain trail, but over time, this word stopped consumed. The first notes about the concept of the country of the rising sun in political and official documentation were registered with Prince Shotokat At the beginning of the 7th century ad. Later, the name was fixed behind the Japanese state and was used everywhere not only orally, but also in correspondence.
Japan has a red shine on his flag. His official name sounds like Nisseki and translated as like Solar flag . For the Japanese population, the red circle is considered holy and old element . The luminous star symbolizes the emperor, welfare, fertility and heavenly smooth. This sign was decorated with samurai lats and chain rails. He was also depicted on the synthist banners who climbed the ships.
Sun cult in Japan
In Japan, confess religion Shinto where the Sun cult is allocated on the Japanese island. Her main ideas are expressed in any way. West Heavenly objects or natural phenomena. Amateras - This is the goddess of the sun, which manages the Shinto Pantheon. Traditions notify that thanks to her people learned to make fabric, silk and carry out earthworks. She also was the kindergarten of the genus Emperor . The greatest and famous descendant Amateras - Djimm which became the first ruler of the state.
Almost in all religions common in the center and southeast of Asia, there is an opposition. On the one hand, the East is located, distinguished by the birth of the Sun, order and world throughout the territory. The opposite is considered West, where demons live And this place is identified as the world of the dead. In religion, Xino also traced the confrontation Good and Evil .
В 19 century The treatise was presented, which created a samurai named AiSzava Saceisai . The treatise described in detail how the role in Japan was given to the Sun. According to the author, Jimmu took the place of the emperor, because the land around the Divine. According to him, the state has the right to manage only the following generations of the Great Goddess Amateras. Japan is the birthplace of the star and it is here that sacred energy is released. Thanks to this, the emperor competes for the primacy throughout the planet.
Since in the West, the unfriendly and evil people live, Japan stands out to cleanliness and openness. Saysisai argues that America with Europe is mrak. , and the country of the sun - Light . Varvars of the West, in which demons settled, try to crush the light and famous land, pervagging the moral of Japan beyond recognition.
The treatise is focused on the fact that the star is considered a symbol of the country, light and gods. In the Japanese civilization of the pore, the celestial luminaire is perceived as a sign of well-being, good luck, prosperity and bliss.
Sun in modern Japan
Harmoniously combining skyscrapers, Buddhist temples, waterfalls and tops of the mountains with gorges. The uniqueness of the powers is manifested even in the climate. In one area, you can enjoy warm weather with plantings, while in another snow lies for several months and felt coolness. An even climate depends on seasonal winds that blow from the islands in the winter and in the opposite direction - in the summer. Sun on Japanese called 太陽 It is depicted on the flag and is used in many state symbols.
Japan is a place where the customs and traditions of predecessors are honored, although the state is one of the most fashionable and large cities in the world. That is why here you want to come again and again, because it is here that you can feel the unique atmosphere of Asia with its features.
Each of us knows that Japan is called the country of the rising sun. And this poetic name seems to us very logical, because the inhabitants of the Japanese islands are the first to meet the sunrise. But is it just because of the location the country learned its name?
I myself thought about this issue, when once again wrote "Japan" by hieroglyphs. Funny, I wrote them so many times, but I thought about it only today.
Japan is written by two hieroglyphs, which means the sun and the beginning, the source. That is, Japan literally means "Sun source".
As you can see, Japan is translated and means the country of the rising sun. But still, why exactly? And not, say, the easternmost country? Is it just because of the beauty of the image?
So let's deal with the origin of the name of the country of the rising sun.
According to historical records, at the beginning of our era, Japan was Vassal China and was called. Then, about the 5th century, the feudal association of Japan began under the leadership of the strongest clan of Yamato. And for some time the Japanese called their country of Yamato, which means "the path of the mountains."
In the early 7th century, Prince Regent Schotokat in diplomatic correspondence called his country:
"The country goes back to the sun."
It was this name that went into use and gradually fixed the Japan, pushing out the old one.
Moreover, according to legend, the first Japanese emperor was a direct descendant of the goddess of the sun amateurs, and wore title Justily , Heavenly owner.
And in 1868, the symbol of the Sun is a red circle - appeared on the Japanese flag. Red Circle is a sacred symbol, like the Sun itself, personifies the happiness for the Japanese, strength and prosperity.
This is the island Chinese vassal of Japan, the country of the rising sun.
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The story of how for the first time about Japan was spoken by as the country of the rising sun, interests many Japan. So why did it all start?
For the first time, Japan was so talking in China. This confirms the found special book, where he was voiced View of Japan As the country of the rising sun from the point of view of the Chinese.
By the way, why was the country called exactly the way, and not otherwise? It is not difficult to understand this, especially if you consider that Japan is located in the east of China. Respectively, The Chinese had to look at the side, from where the sun rises to see the territory of the neighboring state.
Approximately 57 of our era in Chinese Khanate was sent by a messenger from Japan. It is noteworthy that Japan at that time was in vassal dependence on China. Japan and inhabiting her residents, the Chinese called "in".
Then between the ruling coalitions in the country were conducted by civil wars. Gradually, the Yamato clan was able to gain significant strength, thanks to which the neighbors could no longer hurt him.
In the fifth century, Japan as a whole began to be associated with the name of this clan. Over time, the central government was formed. Population of Japan In many respects adopted China's culture. It concerned political issues, which ultimately led to the liberation of the Japanese from China's Board.
In the 600 year of our era, the Confucian model of etiquette and distribution of ranks was officially adopted in the samurai country. The author of the idea of the introduction of these innovations was the prince-regent sewer. He was a real connoisseur of China and his culture. An example of innovations was a Chinese calendar, which began to use the Japanese at the time. From other examples of systems and traditions that were taken from China:
- judicial execution system;
- Road organization;
- Construction of temples for Buddhists.
By the way, the Buddhism and Confucianism began to show more interest. Students from Japan began to leave for China in order to study these directions of spiritual development. In aggregate, all these measures led to the fact that diplomatic relations between China and Japan were firmly strengthened.
At the same time, the prince of Sockerel came to mind the name "Country of the Rising Sun". He considered that this is the most suitable name for Japan. In his message, the emperor of China he wrote: "From the country, where the sun rises, to the country where the sun sits down."
But, contrary to his expectations, such an appeal insulted the Chinese. They counted that Prince Regent considers himself as important and valuable person as their emperor, whom they called the Son of Sky.
The frontal coup persisted in the future led to land reform. As a result of her, the entire land went into possession of the ruling elite and the state. Starting from 670, our era, in all sources and documents, Japan was designated under the name of the country of the rising sun.
The Chinese eventually had to come to terms with this title. It passed so much that even today, hundreds of years, people all over the world know Japan under this name. The Japanese themselves call their country "Nippon" or "Nichon", which is literally translated into Russian as the "Motherland of the Sun", but often you can hear another translation - the country of the rising sun.
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The first to call Japan the country of the rising Sun became the Chinese, for which the sun was at the mornings, it was from the side where the Japanese Islands were located. The inhabitants of the islands really liked this metaphor, and they began to call their country with the phrase "Nippon" ("Nihon"), which can be translated as "the Motherland of the Sun" or "Sunrise." Geographically, this name is quite fair: Japan is the easternland country on the world map, and the Japanese meet the sunrise before all on the planet.
At the end of the XIII century, all of Europe learned about the country of the rising sun. At this time, the Italian merchant Marco Polo published a book, where he told about his journey in Asia. In his essay, a distant oriental island was mentioned, which the Chinese called "Chiping" - "The country where the sun is born." Subsequently, this is a beautiful, the poetic name has been gained in most European languages.
For a long time the Japanese themselves called their state "Yamato" - "the path of the mountains", but this name gradually came out of use. In official documents and diplomatic correspondence, the concept of "the rising sun" appeared at the beginning of the VII century N. U with Prince Regent Schotoka. In the future, this name firmly entered the use of Japan for many centuries.
In 1868, the Red Sun Disk appeared on the Japanese flag. The banner itself has the official name - "Nisskey", which means "Sunny flag". Red Circle is very ancient and sacred for all Japanese. The sun symbolizes the sky, fertility, prosperity and emperor. Therefore, he was often depicted on their armor and samurai standards. Also, the sunny disk often decorated with shinto temples or a banner raised over Japanese ships.
Sun cult in Japan
The Japanese confess the religion of Sinto, the main ideas of which, one way or another, are reduced to the deification of nature and astronomical objects. Shinto Pantheon heads the goddess of the Sun - Amateras. According to legends, it he taught people to cultivate the earth, get Silk and weave. Alsathasa became the ancestor of the imperial genus. The most majestic descendant was the legendary emperor deity - Dzimm, who became the first ruler of Japan.
In most religions professing on the territory of the southeastern and Central Asia, there is a contrast: the Divine East, where the sun is born, and where peace and order reigns, and the barbaric West is the world of dead and demons. The same idea was traced in the religion of Coto.
The role assigned to the Sun in the Japanese worldview is disclosed in detail in the well-known Treatise of the XIX century - "Surova" created by Samurai AiSzava Saceyi. The author claims that Jimmu became the Japanese emperor, because this Earth itself is sacred. Where the sun rises, and should edit the descendants of the radiant goddess Amateras. Since Japan is a place where the heavenly luminaries is born and where Divine Energy comes from, the Japanese emperor can qualify for world dominion. In the West, grave and stupid people with low-lying passions live. Japan, according to Saysisai, is the world of light, and Europe and America - the world of Mraka. Western barbarians, incited by demons, seek to destroy the blessed, light land and pervert Japanese morality, thereby correcting the Sun and Divine laws.
In this treatise, the sun was a symbol at the same time Japan, gods and light. Until now, in Japanese culture, the Sun personifies happiness, prosperity, wealth and success.